GAO Xingjian was born in Jiangxi Province, China in 1940. He graduated from the Beijing Institute of Foreign Languages with a major in French Literature in 1962. He left China for a life in exile in Paris in 1987. In 2000, he became the first individual of Chinese descent to receive the Noble Prize for Literature. His multifaceted work is extensive; literary theorist, playwright, writer, critic, dramatist, director, distinguished translator of a number of important published works as well as being a renowned painter. Gao Xingjian's thinking lies in-between Modernist aesthetics and the humanity, and his painting combines Chinese traditional concept and Western abstractionism, lying in-between figurative and abstract. In 2003 Marseille, France gave art events concerning Gao Xingjiang's creation and titled the year 'Year of Gao Xingjian'. His solo exhibitions include: Gao Xingjian: Papier Tusche Film (ZKM, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2008) and L'Ombres des mots Gao Xingjian et Günter Grasse (Musée Würth France Erstein Erstein, France, 2009). In 2015 Belgium's Musée d'Ixelles and The Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium gave Gao Xingjian: Retrospective and the The Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium collect six monumental works by Gao Xingjian, especially created for the room they are displayed in. In 2019, he was invited by the French government to give the exhibition Appel pour une nouvelle Renaissance (Call for a New Renaissance) at the Domaine de Chaumont-sur-Loire, a great Renaissance French castle.