Fritz Glarner (born 20th July 1899 in Zurich, d. 18th September 1972 in Locarno) was a Swiss-American painter.Read More
Glarner was a leading proponent of so-called Concrete Art, an artists' movement whose roots lead back to the painters of De Stijl and the principles of the Bauhaus. He was a disciple of Piet Mondrian, strongly influenced by Mondrian's theories of 'dynamic symmetry'. As he developed as an artist, his works began to be increasingly influenced by Mondrian's Neoplastic theory. His leaning toward nonrepresentational art had begun as early as 1929 in Paris, where he was a member of the Abstraction-Création group. Glarner took up Mondrian's motif of arranging simplified colours and forms on an architectural pattern. Glarner introduced a diagonal into the strict horizontal and vertical geometric aesthetic of Mondrian, creating new, yet equally systematic principles of composition that he termed 'relational painting'.
Like Mondrian, Glarner limited his colour palette to the primaries, red, yellow and blue. He expanded Mondrian's black 'line' into a broad range of grays, used both as line and, like the primaries, as geometric areas of colour. Many of his works are tondos, his signature relational principles ordered within a circle. Glarner's additions and alterations in structure and colour to the Mondrian style gave his works a vitality and spatial dimensions. 24 of his works are owned by Museo Cantonale d'Arte of Lugano, Switzerland.
Text courtesy Bailly Gallery.
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