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b. 1938, France

Daniel Buren Biography

Daniel Buren is a highly regarded French conceptual artist known for his institutional critiques. He is renowned for his use of non-gallery public spaces and his 'non-painting' system of pasted paper and printed canvases, where white vertical stripes alternate with a chosen colour.

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The repeated parallel bands avoided compositional decisions, and the lack of dominance of any one colour minimalised the possibility of meaning. This methodology focused on the social and spatial environment in which the 'intervening' work was placed, and functioned beyond the rigid conventions of institutional gallery practice.

Early Education

In 1960, Buren graduated from École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Appliqués et des Métiers d'Art in Paris. After a year in the Caribbean painting frescos in 1965, he began making his striped poster works. Furtively installed in situ displays in Parisian streets, these affichages sauvages (wild posterings) were intended to undermine institutional arrogance, working outside the orthodox frameworks or systems. Buren sees artworks as not autonomous but vitally linked to what is around them.

BMPT

Around this time Buren rose to prominence as co-founder of the radical Parisian art group BMPT (Buren; Mosset; Parmentier; and Toroni). The group consisted of four disparate individuals attempting to marry a Situationist critique of art institutions with a post-structuralist denial of authorial identity and representation as part of an attack on capitalist consumption. They utilised performance, text, and their individual styles of repetitive minimalist painting, as seen in their Manifestation exhibitions (1966—1967).

Popularity

As Buren increased in popularity, presenting work in the United States, Europe, and Australia, he exhibited more and more with the type of art and museological institution he had often critiqued. He complained it was becoming impossible to intervene, particularly as the top international art institutions clamoured for his attention. Over time he became more decorative, but not always.

For The forms: Paintings (1977) at the Centre Georges Pompidou, he had five striped canvases cut to the same size as five works on display from the collection, but positioned behind them on the wall. Hidden, Buren's canvases were detectable only through wall labels placed next to the label of each frontal painting. For his debut solo exhibition in 1968, Buren blocked off visual access to his exhibition by pasting stripes over the large glass entrance to Galerie Apollinaire, his dealer gallery in Milan.

Architecture

Over time Buren become more inventive with the physical properties of the unusual social spaces he sought, attacking the towering internal Guggenheim space with the massive Peinture-Sculpture (Painting-Sculpture) in 1971. In the nineties, he began modifying architecture with coloured transparent roofs and mirrors, experimenting with light and, sometimes, short lines of truncated stripes in works such as A Perimeter for a Room Work in situ (2011) and Colours for a Pergola: Situated Work (2014).

Glowing light boxes of stripes also appeared in works such as 5 Colours of Electric Light: Situated Work (2011), as well as zig-zagging planar reliefs that projected out from the wall in Pile up: High Relief nº B5 (2017). Now his works became easy to acquire commodities, though some 'situated work' stated site-specificity, aiming at conceptual consistency.

Exhibitions

Daniel Buren's solo exhibitions include Daniel Buren: De cualquier manera, trabajos in situ, Museo de Arte Italiano, Lima (2019); The colors above our heads are under our feet as well, The Baker Museum, Artis—Naples, Florida (2018); Transitions: works in situ, Municipal Museum of Art, Toyota (2003); Le Musée qui n'existait pas, Centre Pompidou, Paris (2002); The Arches, Southampton City Art Gallery (1994); and Eine Manifestation, Städtisches Museum, Mönchengladbach, Germany (1971).

Group exhibitions include Glass and Concrete, Manifestations of the Impossible, Marta Herford Museum, Germany (2020); Arte Povera bis Minimal, Museum Wiesbaden, Germany (2009); 41st Venice Biennale (1984); documenta 5, Kassel (1972); 10th Tokyo Biennale (1970); and Prospect 68, Dusseldorf (1968).

Buren's website can be found here.

John Hurrell | Ocula | 2021

Daniel Buren Featured Artworks

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photo souvenir: New grids: low relief - DBNR nº9 by Daniel Buren contemporary artwork sculpture
Daniel Burenphoto souvenir: New grids: low relief - DBNR nº9, 2021Copper, black vinyl adhesive, mdf and white acrylic paint
217.5 x 408.9 cm
Galeria Nara Roesler Contact Gallery
New grids: baixo-relevo - DBNR nº 10 by Daniel Buren contemporary artwork sculpture
Daniel BurenNew grids: baixo-relevo - DBNR nº 10, 20211Mirror, black vinyl sticker, MDF and white acrylic paint
217.5 x 408.9 cm
Galeria Nara Roesler Contact Gallery
Westwind - travail situé by Daniel Buren contemporary artwork sculpture
Daniel BurenWestwind - travail situé, 2010Fabric, steel, fans, clips (fabric with blue and white stripes)
43.5 x 200 cm
Buchmann Galerie Contact Gallery
Unique Tablecloth with Laser-Cut Lace (Object to Be Situated on Table), 2002 (For Parkett 66) by Daniel Buren contemporary artwork textile
Daniel BurenUnique Tablecloth with Laser-Cut Lace (Object to Be Situated on Table), 2002 (For Parkett 66), 2002Two-layered tablecloth: off-white laser-cut design on monochrome underlayer, each tablecloth has a unique combination of design and colour
Parkett Contact Gallery
Prismes et miroirs : Haut-relief - DBPF-17, travail situé by Daniel Buren contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Daniel BurenPrismes et miroirs : Haut-relief - DBPF-17, travail situé, 2020Acrylic, vinyl sticker on aluminium Alucobond
225 x 225 x 39.15 cm
Xavier Hufkens Contact Gallery
Fibres optiques — Bleu foncé J2 by Daniel Buren contemporary artwork sculpture
Daniel BurenFibres optiques — Bleu foncé J2, 2013Fiber optic fabric, LED (white, dark blue), steel
217.5 x 217.5 cm
Buchmann Galerie Contact Gallery
Prisms and Mirrors, high relief - n°XIV by Daniel Buren contemporary artwork sculpture
Daniel BurenPrisms and Mirrors, high relief - n°XIV, 2018Wood, glue, lacquer, and vinyl adhesive
150 x 150 cm
Galeria Nara Roesler Contact Gallery
(Sans titre) 2 Châssis noir sur dispositif bleu et blanc by Daniel Buren contemporary artwork mixed media
Daniel Buren(Sans titre) 2 Châssis noir sur dispositif bleu et blanc, 2005Polycarbonate plate, wood, self-adhesive vinyl
219 x 315 cm
Xavier Hufkens Contact Gallery

Daniel Buren Recent Exhibitions

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Daniel Buren Represented By

Galeria Nara Roesler contemporary art gallery in São Paulo, Brazil Galeria Nara Roesler New York, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
Lisson Gallery contemporary art gallery in Lisson Street, London, United Kingdom Lisson Gallery East Hampton, London, New York, Shanghai
Xavier Hufkens contemporary art gallery in St-Georges, Brussels, Belgium Xavier Hufkens Brussels

Daniel Buren In Ocula Magazine

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Daniel Buren In Related Press

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From the return of FIAC to a Russian arrival at Fondation Louis Vuitton: The best cultural pursuits in Paris this October Related Press From the return of FIAC to a Russian arrival at Fondation Louis Vuitton: The best cultural pursuits in Paris this October 18 October 2016, The Telegraph

Frieze may be over for another year, but as the tents are dismantled in London’s Regent’s Park, so the art market circus is preparing to pitch camp in Paris. This week sees the 43rd edition of FIAC, the Foire Internationale d’Art Contemporain or International Contemporary Art Fair, as well as the second edition of Asia Now...

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Seeing stripes: Daniel Buren shows ten Related Press Seeing stripes: Daniel Buren shows ten 25 September 2016, Wallpaper*

Visitors to Nahmad Contemporary this month will be seeing stripes – and lots of them – as the gallery presents Origin of Stripes: Paintings from 1965­–1966, a collection of paintings by artist Daniel Buren. Featuring ten early works by the French artist, the show marks the first display of the pieces in the United...

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Expo Chicago 2016 announces roster for special projects sectors Related Press Expo Chicago 2016 announces roster for special projects sectors 26 August 2016, ARTNews

Expo Chicago, that city’s annual contemporary art fair, announced the list of participants for its 2016 editions of In/Situ, In/Situ Outside, and Expo Projects. These sectors of the fair feature large-scale installations, and will be placed both at the fair and around Chicago. Expo Chicago opens September 22.

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Child's play: Daniel Buren showcases his new installation at the Museo Espacio Related Press Child's play: Daniel Buren showcases his new installation at the Museo Espacio 27 July 2016, Wallpaper*

When the French abstract minimalist artist Daniel Buren – aka 'the stripe guy' – first discovered the murals of Mexican social realist painters David Alfaro Siqueiros, José Clemente Orozco and Diego Rivera during his maiden voyage to the country in 1957, he says, 'I discovered that I was not only seeing something totally...

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Daniel Buren In Video & Audio

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