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Guo Hongwei Biography

Guo Hongwei is a contemporary Chinese artist known for his exploration of the paint medium—notably in oil and watercolour—that produces a versatile range of textures, from hazy to precise reproductions of objects both artificial and natural.

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Guo Hongwei's early paintings reveal his interest in memory. At Dissolving Memories (2007), his first solo exhibition at Connoisseur Art Gallery in Hong Kong, the artist presented monochrome paintings based on childhood photographs of himself and family, which were made blurry by diluting paint with turpentine. Guo similarly experimented with watercolour on wet paper in 'Chiaroscuro' (2009), in which forms become hazy and almost indiscernible, as if alluding to the ambiguity of memory. In Chiaroscuro #1, for example, the contrast between the white and black are the only signifiers to two sitting figures.

In Guo Hongwei's solo exhibition Things, first at Chambers Fine Art Beijing in 2009 and at the gallery's New York location in the following year, Guo showcased oil and watercolour paintings that depict everyday objects. The oil-on-canvas Chair No. 1 (2009), for example, portrays a stool with green legs and a yellow top, which the artist painted with a thick varnish containing resin; the paint has dried with crusty edges. For watercolour, Guo first drew the outline of his subjects with water-soluble chalk on paper, then wet the surface with water followed by watercolour paint. In resulting images such as Red Plastic Bag No. 4 (2009), the uneven distribution of the paint creates an ambiguous texture, capturing the subtle folds found in a plastic bag.

While painting isolated objects against a white background, Guo Hongwei's realised that his works shared an aesthetic with the way specimens are exhibited at natural museums. This discovery inspired him to paint natural specimens in large-scale watercolour paintings that appeared in Painting is Collecting (2012), a three-part exhibition at Chambers Fine Art, New York. In Bird No. 2 (2011), four different birds sit on perches; using a mostly monochrome palette of brown, the artist has meticulously captured the birds' distinct profiles. He employs the neat, grid system of museums in works such as Plant No. 7 (2011), depicting various leaves in descending order according to size, while conveying his grasp of the watercolour medium in controlling the density of water and brushstrokes to replicate each specimen from life.

Recurring concerns in Guo Hongwei's art practice include the use of metaphors, hinting at a reluctance to ascribe literal meaning to his works. In the five-screen video installation of The Great Metaphorist (2014), for example, the artist examines the 20-minute drive between his house and studio—an otherwise ordinary part of his daily life that turns into a surprising allegory of his life and art. The artist continued to contemplate familiar subjects from a different perspective in Plastic Heaven (2017)—a solo exhibition at Chambers Fine Art, New York—with paintings such as Red in Snow (2017), which shows an apple wrapped in white Styrofoam netting.

Other solo exhibitions include Pareidolia, Chambers Fine Art, New York (2020); Lustrous and Dazzling, Gallery 100, Taipei (2015); and Miss Oyu, Frieze New York (2014). Guo Hongwei has participated in group exhibitions such as Between Past and Futures: SGA Collection Exhibition, Shanghai Gallery of Art (2018); Yebisu International Festival for Art & Alternative Visions, Tokyo (2016); and My Generation: Young Chinese Artists, Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach (2015).

Guo Hongwei lives and works in Beijing.

Biography by Sherry Paik | Ocula | 2020

Guo Hongwei
featured artworks

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Fairy in the Rock No.2 by Guo Hongwei contemporary artwork painting
Guo Hongwei Fairy in the Rock No.2, 2024 Mineral color on linen
60 x 50 cm
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Fairy in the Rock No.1 by Guo Hongwei contemporary artwork painting, sculpture, mixed media
Guo Hongwei Fairy in the Rock No.1, 2024 Mineral color on linen
60 x 50 cm
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Meeting Gods in the Secluded Mountain by Guo Hongwei contemporary artwork painting, sculpture
Guo Hongwei Meeting Gods in the Secluded Mountain, 2024 Mineral color on linen
150 x 150 cm
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Celestial Beings in the Forest by Guo Hongwei contemporary artwork painting
Guo Hongwei Celestial Beings in the Forest, 2024 Oil and mineral color on linen
120 x 150 cm
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Caiwei (Classic of Poetry) No.1 by Guo Hongwei contemporary artwork painting
Guo Hongwei Caiwei (Classic of Poetry) No.1, 2023-2024 Oil on Linen
250 x 200 cm
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Prehistoric Baroque by Guo Hongwei contemporary artwork painting, works on paper
Guo Hongwei Prehistoric Baroque, 2022–2023 Oil on linen
200 x 250 cm
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