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b. 1928, Argentina

Julio Le Parc Biography

Julio Le Parc (b. 1928, Mendoza, Argentina) lives and works in Paris, France. Le Parc attended the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Buenos Aires in 1943 where he became interested in Arte Concreto-Invencion and the Spaziliasmo movement. In 1958, Le Parc went to Paris on a French government scholarship and settled there working on works of art related to research into three dimensions, movement and light as it pertains to the kinetic arts. Victor Vasarely's 1958 exhibition in Buenos Aires became an important catalyst for Le Parc's career, while in Paris Le Parc pursued collaborative work with fellow artist friends of Vasarely and studied the writings of Mondrian, evolving his practice to reflect on the tradition of Constructivism. Le Parc represented Argentina at the 1966 Venice Biennale, he won the Grand International Prize for Painting as an individual artist. Le Parc had begun working on two-dimensional compositions in colour and black and white as early as 1953, while he was still an art teacher in Buenos Aires. From 1960, however, he began to develop a series of distinctive works that made use of 'skimming' light: these objects, usually constructed with a lateral source of white light which was reflected and broken up by polished metal surfaces, combined a high degree of intensity with a subtle expression of continuous movement.

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Celebrated for what he calls 'disturbances in the artistic system,' Julio Le Parc is among the progenitors of the Op Art, or Kinetic Art, movement, who posits a utopian vision for art and society through his perceptually illusory paintings, sculptures, and immersive installations. As co-founder of the Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel (Visual Art Research Group) (1960–68), he worked to break down the boundaries between art and the viewer. In his words: 'I have tried [...] to elicit a different type of behavior from the viewer [...] to seek, together with the public, various means of fighting off passivity, dependency or ideological conditioning, by developing reflective, comparative, analytical, creative or active capacities.' Parc accomplishes this through colour, line, light, shadow, and movement, composed to make still forms seem to move, solid structures seem to dematerialise, and light itself seem plastic.

Le Parc's works have been the subject of numerous solo shows in Europe and Latin America, including Instituto di Tella (Buenos Aires), Museo de Arte Moderno (Caracas), Palacio de Bellas Artes (Mexico), Casa de las Americas (Havana), Moderna Museet (Stockholm), Daros (Zürich), Städtische Kunsthalle (Düsseldorf). Le Parc's works have also been included in numerous group exhibitions and biennials, including MoMA's controversial exhibition The Responsive Eye (1965), the Venice Biennale in 1966 (where he was awarded the Prize), and the São Paulo Biennial (1967). As acts of protest against the repressive military regime in Brazil, he joined artists in boycotting the 1969 São Paulo Biennial and published an alternative Contrabienal catalogue in 1971. Le Parc's later collective works included participation in anti-fascist movements in Chile, El Salvador and Nicaragua. Recently, he has been the subject of major retrospectives including Julio Le Parc (Serpentine Gallery, London, UK, 2014); Soleil froid (Palais de Tokyo, Paris, France); Le Parc lumière (Casa Daros, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2013; MALBA, Bueno Aires, Argentina, 2014); A constant quest (Galeria Nara Roesler, São Paulo, Brazil, 2013); and included in the group exhibition Dynamo (Grand Palais, Paris, France, 2013).

Text courtesy Galeria Nara Roesler.

Julio Le Parc Featured Artworks

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Alchimie 436 (Diptyque) by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork painting
Julio Le ParcAlchimie 436 (Diptyque), 2019Acrylic paint on canvas
Galeria Nara Roesler Contact Gallery
Partiel de: Serie 16 n° 9 by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork painting
Julio Le ParcPartiel de: Serie 16 n° 9, 2020Acrylic paint on canvas
80 x 80 cm
Galeria Nara Roesler Contact Gallery
Continuel mobile en diagonal by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork sculpture
Julio Le ParcContinuel mobile en diagonal, 2020Inox steel, coated steel cable, aluminium
300 x 300 cm
Perrotin Contact Gallery
Permutation de la Longue Marche n°1 by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork painting
Julio Le ParcPermutation de la Longue Marche n°1, 2020Acrylic on canvas
200 x 200 cm
Perrotin Contact Gallery
Série 14 – 2 Cercles fractionnés by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork painting
Julio Le ParcSérie 14 – 2 Cercles fractionnés, 1970/2012Acrylic paint on canvas
200 x 200 cm
Galeria Nara Roesler Contact Gallery
Série 14 - 2 Ovale fractionné by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork painting
Julio Le ParcSérie 14 - 2 Ovale fractionné, 1970/2017Acrylic paint on canvas
200 x 241.5 cm
Galeria Nara Roesler Contact Gallery
Alchimie 394 by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork painting
Julio Le ParcAlchimie 394, 2018Acrylic paint on canvas
51.2 x 76.8 inches
Galeria Nara Roesler Contact Gallery
Mobile rouge sur blanc by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork mixed media
Julio Le ParcMobile rouge sur blanc, 1960Wood and acrylic
153 x 153 x 15 cm
Galeria Nara Roesler Contact Gallery

Julio Le Parc Recent Exhibitions

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Julio Le Parc Represented By

Galeria Nara Roesler contemporary art gallery in São Paulo, Brazil Galeria Nara Roesler New York, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
Perrotin contemporary art gallery in Paris, France Perrotin Hong Kong, New York, Paris, Seoul, Shanghai, Tokyo

Julio Le Parc In Ocula Magazine

Julio Le Parc In Related Press

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Julio Le Parc In Video & Audio

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