(1925 – 2008), United States

Robert Rauschenberg Artworks

A multi-disciplinary pioneer and challenger of boundaries, Robert Rauschenberg's most famous paintings and 'combines', incorporating everyday objects and imagery, were a precursor to modern American Pop Art and the 1970s Conceptual movement.

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White, Black and Red Paintings

In the early 1950s Rauschenberg produced three consecutive series of monochromatic paintings. Rauschenberg's 'White Paintings' (1951), consisting of stretched canvases painted evenly with plain white paint leaving minimal signs of brush strokes, informed composer John Cage's infamous experimental 4'33" musical composition.

Becoming more expressive, Robert Rauschenberg's 'Black Paintings', made sporadically between 1951 and 1953 saw the artist experimenting with different textures and traditional brushstrokes, and with newspaper grounds. This further developed into Rauschenberg's 'Red Paintings' (1953–54), which were painted mostly in red paint applied onto various grounds in brushstrokes, impasto applications, drips, and directly from the tube. Into these the artist began incorporating fabrics and found objects.

Combines

From the mid-50s into the 1960s Rauschenberg began experimenting with his 'Combines' (1954–1964) works that blended the mediums of painting sculpture and found objects. The artist made free-standing and wall-based works that incorporated various discarded objects, from newspaper clippings to taxidermy, with paint and traditional paint supports.

These innovative Dada-inspired creations included works like Bed (1955), with its vertically presented paint-encrusted bed and quilt, and Monogram (1959), a stuffed billy goat thrust through an automobile tyre and standing on a platform. These 'combines' and later works by the artist that built on their initial premise, influenced later artists such as Don Driver, Jessica Stockholder, Isa Genzken, and Rachel Harrison.

Conceptual Art

Rauschenberg was also a precursor of contemporary Conceptual art. Long before the Conceptual art of the 1970s was defined, Rauschenberg made works like the self-explanatory Erased de Kooning Drawing (1953). In 1961 he presented as a work This is a Portrait of Iris Clert If I Say So (1961), a telegram the artist had sent to his dealer named in the title.

Prints

Works such as Retroactive I and Retroactive II (both 1963), part of a series of silkscreen paintings made in the early 1960s, are emblematic of Rauschenberg's first experiments with silkscreen printing and collage. A collage of everyday and pop culture images, such as a glass of water, a television still of John F Kennedy, and a NASA picture of an astronaut taken from Time Magazine, are imperfectly screen-printed on a canvas and touched up with paint. Such works have been viewed as an early prototype of Pop Art.

Rauschenberg continued to incorporate screen-printing processes into his art well into the 1990s in series like 'A Quake in Paradise (Labyrinth)' (1994)–a set of colourful acrylic screen-prints on aluminum and Lexan panels, presenting photographic imagery of divers.

Rauschenberg continued to experiment in these various mediums until his passing in 2008.

Browse Artworks
Untitled (Salvage) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting
Robert Rauschenberg Untitled (Salvage), 1984 Silkscreen ink and acrylic on canvas
81.8 x 102.8 cm
Gladstone Gallery Request Price & Availability
Cupule (Spread) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, sculpture, mixed media, textile
Robert Rauschenberg Cupule (Spread), 1979 Solvent transfer on fabric collage with ruler and acrylic on wood
123.5 x 96.5 cm
Galerie Thomas Request Price & Availability
Stake-Out (Urban Bourbon) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, print
Robert Rauschenberg Stake-Out (Urban Bourbon), 1992 Silkscreen ink and acrylic on enameled aluminium
124.8 x 94 cm
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Off Season (Borealis) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork mixed media
Robert Rauschenberg Off Season (Borealis), 1990 Tarnish, silkscreen ink, and acrylic on brass
154.3 x 93.3 cm
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Page 10, Paragraph 3 (Short Stories) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork photography, print
Robert Rauschenberg Page 10, Paragraph 3 (Short Stories), 2001 Pigment transfer on polylaminate
217.2 x 154.9 cm
Waddington Custot Request Price & Availability
Tokyo by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, photography, print
Robert Rauschenberg Tokyo, 1964 Solvent transfer, paint and collage on paper
47.9 x 50.8 cm
Gladstone Gallery Request Price & Availability
Monitor (Runt) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork print
Robert Rauschenberg Monitor (Runt), 2007 Pigment transfer on polylaminate
155 x 187.7 cm
Waddington Custot Request Price & Availability
Tenant (Scenarios) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork print
Robert Rauschenberg Tenant (Scenarios), 2005 Pigment transfer on polylaminate
217.2 x 306.1 cm
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Tropic Compass Glut by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Tropic Compass Glut, 1988 Assembled aluminium and fibreglass objects
125.1 x 134.9 x 81.3 cm
Waddington Custot Request Price & Availability
Parrot Buckboard (Spread) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture, drawing
Robert Rauschenberg Parrot Buckboard (Spread), 1982 Solvent transfer, acrylic, graphite, fabric, printed reproduction, paper, and wood on cardboard
216.5 x 297.2 x 18.7 cm
Gladstone Gallery Request Price & Availability
Green Gauge (Spread) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Green Gauge (Spread), 1981 Solvent transfer, acrylic, fabric, printed reproductions, wood, aluminum, and mirrored Plexiglas on plywood with wood ironing board and ruler
188 x 338.5 x 77.5 cm
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Caucus (Spread) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture, drawing
Robert Rauschenberg Caucus (Spread), 1980 Solvent transfer, acrylic, graphite, fabric, and paper bag on plywood with wood ladder and metal buckets
262.2 x 281.5 x 127.7 cm
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Mongolian Cousin (Spread) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Mongolian Cousin (Spread), 1980 Solvent transfer, acrylic, fabric, paper, and mirrored Plexiglas on plywood with cushions and water skis
213.4 x 502.9 x 16.5 cm
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Miter I (Scale) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Miter I (Scale), 1980 Solvent transfer, acrylic, fabric, and mirrored Plexiglas on plywood with paintbrush and painted bicycle part
218.4 x 243.8 x 66 cm
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Hydrangea Reflex (Spread) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Hydrangea Reflex (Spread), 1978 Solvent transfer, acrylic, fabric, and mirrored panels on plywood with funnel and string
213.4 x 227.3 x 49.5 cm
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Trojan Wedge (Scale) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Trojan Wedge (Scale), 1977 Solvent transfer, acrylic, fabric, paper, mirrored panels, Plexiglas, and metal on plywood mounted on four casters with parachute
173.4 x 236.2 x 93.3 cm
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Maybe Market (Night Shade) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture, drawing
Robert Rauschenberg Maybe Market (Night Shade), 1991 Tarnish and silkscreen ink on brushed aluminium
124.3 x 124.3 x 4.1 cm
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Lafayette Labyrinth (Salvage) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting
Robert Rauschenberg Lafayette Labyrinth (Salvage), 1984 Acrylic on canvas
127.6 x 217.2 cm
Pace Gallery
Rose Dam (Shiner) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Rose Dam (Shiner), 1987 Acrylic, metal object, stainless steel, aluminum
121.9 x 213.4 cm
Pace Gallery
Untitled (Venetian) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Untitled (Venetian), 1973 Tire tread, logs, and water
71 x 198.2 x 141.2 cm
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Untitled (Venetian) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Untitled (Venetian), 1973 Cardboard, driftwood, and fabric
228.5 x 72.5 x 279.5 cm
Gladstone Gallery Request Price & Availability
Untitled (Early Egyptian) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Untitled (Early Egyptian), 1974 Cardboard, sand, and acrylic paint
143 x 270.7 x 136.6 cm
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Untitled (EarlyEgyptian) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Untitled (EarlyEgyptian), 1974 Sand and acrylic on cardboard with spoked wheels, fabric sack, and rubber hose
202.7 x 205.8 x 98.3 cm
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Untitled (Venetian) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork sculpture
Robert Rauschenberg Untitled (Venetian), 1973 Screen door, inner tube, railroad track and electrical cord
196.5 x 207.7 x 94 cm
Gladstone Gallery Request Price & Availability
Central Park by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork photography
Robert Rauschenberg Central Park, 1950–1979 Photograph
34 x 34 cm
Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris Request Price & Availability
Untitled (Inside of an Old Carriage) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork photography
Robert Rauschenberg Untitled (Inside of an Old Carriage), c. 1961–1979 Photograph
34 x 34 cm
Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris Request Price & Availability
Bathroom Window (Broadway Studio) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork photography
Robert Rauschenberg Bathroom Window (Broadway Studio), c. 1961–1979 Photograph
34 x 34 cm
Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris Request Price & Availability
Luxer (Urban Bourbon) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork mixed media
Robert Rauschenberg Luxer (Urban Bourbon), 1988 Acrylic on mirrored aluminium
124.1 x 124.1 cm
Pace Gallery
Stone Roll (Urban Bourbon) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork painting
Robert Rauschenberg Stone Roll (Urban Bourbon), 1995 Acrylic on bonded aluminium
154.9 x 124.5 cm
Pace Gallery
Jaywalk (Anagram) by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork print
Robert Rauschenberg Jaywalk (Anagram), 1996 Inkjet dye transfer on paper
149.9 x 111.8 cm
Pace Gallery
Golden Boy [Anagram (A Pun)] by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork print
Robert Rauschenberg Golden Boy [Anagram (A Pun)], 1997 Inkjet dye transfer on polylaminate
156.5 x 118.1 cm
Pace Gallery
L'autre monde by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork print
Robert Rauschenberg L'autre monde, 1989 Lithograph
100 x 70 cm
Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris Request Price & Availability
Fest by Robert Rauschenberg contemporary artwork print
Robert Rauschenberg Fest, 1991 Lithographie
66 x 53.5 cm
Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris Request Price & Availability
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