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b. 1975, USA

Taryn Simon Biography

Taryn Simon is a multidisciplinary artist who works in photography, text, sculpture and performance. She was born and raised in New York, where she has been working since her graduation from Brown University in 1997. Informed by extensive research, Simon’s work investigates the implications of power and cultural infrastructures in the modern world.

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Simon’s work shows a trajectory of her interest in documentary, as evidenced by her photographic projects from the 2000s. In 2002, The Innocence Project supported her to travel across the US to photograph and interview individuals who had been wrongly convicted. Titled ‘The Innocents’, the collection of portraits appeared as a book alongside the interviews and commentary from civil rights attorneys Peter Neufeld and Barry Scheck. Simon then earned critical acclaim for An American Index of the Hidden and Unfamiliar, published in 2007: a catalogue of images of sites that are inaccessible or unknown to the public. Through her large-format photographs of nuclear waste capsules in the southeast of Washington, a Scientology screening room, and the headquarters of the Ku Klux Klan, Simon has compelled the audience to face the dark realities beneath the surface of America: realities they are oblivious to or simply choose to ignore.

By organising her photographs through a laborious process of classification and categorisation that resembles archiving, Simon highlights the insignificant and the overlooked. In Birds of the West Indies (2013–14) (Part 2)—named after the taxonomy of the American ornithologist James Bond—Simon followed Bond’s taxonomical footsteps in documenting and identifying all the birds in the 24 James Bond franchise movies. Working meticulously from screenshots taken of the birds’ split-second appearances, Simon ended up with 331 identifications. Image after image of birds force the viewer’s gaze away from the flamboyance of the films to focus on the forgotten avians. Like the sheer number of birds in James Bond films (and despite the dominating presence of the franchise), the entities overshadowed by the mainstream—be they human lives, plants or animals—must be innumerable.

Simon’s photographic investigation of cultures extends outside the US. A Living Man Declared Dead and Other Chapters I–XVIII (2008–11) traces 18 family bloodlines, each with an unusual narrative. Ranging from the bloodline of a living Indian man who was declared dead in official records to that of Hans Frank—the personal legal advisor to Adolf Hitler—the series weaves complex narratives together with Simon’s characteristic archiving system. 

Similarly, An Occupation of Loss—a performance piece inaugurated in September 2016 at the Park Avenue Armory, New York—invited more than 30 professional mourners from different parts of the world to perform grieving rituals inside 11 concrete towers. Represented cultures included Cambodia, China, Greece and Ghana. The performance paid respect to the differences ways in which cultures cope with life and death, and to humankind’s universal concern for proper farewells. Alongside the performance, Simon also compiled into a catalogue the petitions sent to the US government to obtain each mourner’s visa. Many were denied, prompting The New York Times to comment, ‘It might be easier to get a soul to heaven than to get a professional mourner to New York City.’ The US government had unknowingly played an active role in the creation of the work. An Occupation of Loss also took on a sociopolitical meaning when, following the 2016 presidential election a few months later, the country’s immigration laws began to shift drastically. 

One of the most important photographers of her generation, Simon has exhibited in the US, Europe and China. In 2015, she exhibited in the 56th Venice Biennale. Permanent collections include The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Tate Modern, Whitney Museum of American Art, Centre Pompidou and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. She is a Guggenheim Fellow and a recipient of the 2017 Photo London Master of Photography, which is awarded to a leading contemporary photographer.

Sherry Paik | Ocula | 2017

Taryn Simon Featured Artworks

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Finance package for the construction of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline. Baku, Azerbaijan, February 3, 2004 by Taryn Simon contemporary artwork
Taryn SimonFinance package for the construction of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline. Baku, Azerbaijan, February 3, 2004, 2015Archival inkjet print and text on archival herbarium paper in mahogany frame
215.9 x 186.1 x 7 cm (incl frame)
Almine Rech Contact Gallery
Chapter V Censored, Living Man Declared Dead and Other Chapters I – XVIII Censored Edition by Taryn Simon contemporary artwork
Taryn SimonChapter V Censored, Living Man Declared Dead and Other Chapters I – XVIII Censored EditionMatte Black Paint on wall, 3 rectangles matching exact size of physical work
213.4 x 301.7 cm
Not for sale
Duddell's
Honey Ryder (Nikki van der Zyl) by Taryn Simon contemporary artwork
Taryn SimonHoney Ryder (Nikki van der Zyl), 1962, 2013Single Channel Video (8 minutes, loop) and Letraset on wall
Variable dimensions
Almine Rech Contact Gallery
Azerbaijan by Taryn Simon contemporary artwork
Taryn SimonAzerbaijan, 20144 black & white images
50.2 x 93.3 cm
Almine Rech Contact Gallery
Crab Key by Taryn Simon contemporary artwork
Taryn SimonCrab Key, 20142 black & white images
50.2 x 66.4 cm
Almine Rech Contact Gallery

Taryn Simon Recent Exhibitions

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Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, Summer at Almine Rech, Paris
Closed
13 June–1 August 2020 Group Exhibition Summer Almine RechParis
Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, Coalition for the Homeless at Almine Rech, Brussels
Closed
26 May–7 June 2020 Group Exhibition Coalition for the Homeless Almine RechOnline Only
Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, American Pastoral at Gagosian, London
Closed
23 January–14 March 2020 Group Exhibition American Pastoral GagosianBritannia Street, London

Taryn Simon Represented By

Almine Rech contemporary art gallery in Brussels, Belgium Almine Rech Brussels, London, New York, Paris, Shanghai
Gagosian contemporary art gallery in 980 Madison Avenue, New York, USA Gagosian New York, Beverly Hills, San Francisco, London, Paris, Le Bourget, Geneva, Basel, Rome, Athens, Hong Kong

Taryn Simon In Ocula Magazine

Paris Gallery Weekend: Exhibitions to See Ocula Report Paris Gallery Weekend: Exhibitions to See By Tessa Moldan, Paris

Between 2 and 5 July 2020, Paris Gallery Weekend brings together the best of the city's art scene for its seventh edition. This Ocula Lowdown presents a selection of highlights to catch.

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Gregor Muir, Princess Alia Al-Senussi and Abdullah AlTurki Ocula Conversation Gregor Muir, Princess Alia Al-Senussi and Abdullah AlTurki By Anna Dickie, Hong Kong

Duddell’s, the restaurant and bar which has also become one of Hong Kong’s most important art spaces, recently collaborated with London’s Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) to present the exhibition, Duddell’s Presents: ICA Off-Site: Hong Kongese. The exhibition, which opened earlier this year to coincide with Art...

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Yokohama Triennale 2014 'Art Fahrenheit 451: Sailing Into The Sea Of Oblivion' Ocula Report Yokohama Triennale 2014 'Art Fahrenheit 451: Sailing Into The Sea Of Oblivion' By Becca Voelcker, Yokohama

At the height of McCarthyism, American writer Ray Bradbury published his dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451 which describes life in a near future where all books are burned on the orders of the state. Extrapolating from the situation of censorship that he felt pervaded 1950s America, Bradbury imagined a fleet of ‘firemen’ who ignite...

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Taryn Simon In Related Press

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OBSCURING THE INDEX Related Press OBSCURING THE INDEX 15 November 2019, Gagosian Quarterly

Like the museum, Simon catalogues objects and information under specific organising principles: symmetry, crispness of detail, and refined, minimal installation. Through this highly careful mode of tracing, depicting, and presenting, she both mirrors the systems she sets out to examine and surpasses them in her rigorous application of their...

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From Mortal Bodies to Immortal Crowds Related Press From Mortal Bodies to Immortal Crowds 1 November 2019, Gagosian Quarterly

In her recent shift toward performance, large-scale installation, and sound, Simon raises new questions about the role of the living, breathing body as an agent within the increasingly pervasive, even ritualised photographic technologies of the past decade. In An Occupation of Loss, which had its second iteration in London in April 2018, she...

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The art of the beautiful game: football moves off pitch and into the museum Related Press The art of the beautiful game: football moves off pitch and into the museum 16 June 2018, Wallpaper*

Football has many guises. It is a pastime where schoolboys scrape knees in a courtyard; a tear-jerking symbol of national pride; a multi-billion dollar industry with corporate interest.

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Mass Moca takes the plunge with Taryn Simon's ice-water installation Related Press Mass Moca takes the plunge with Taryn Simon's ice-water installation 24 May 2018, The Art Newspaper

Enthusiasm, delight and 'how are you going to do that?': these are common reactions to Taryn Simon's planned commission at the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art (Mass Moca) in North Adams, says its curator, Allie Foradas.

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Taryn Simon In Video & Audio

Taryn Simon on the art of mourning and how social media is shaping grief Related Video & Audio Taryn Simon on the art of mourning and how social media is shaping grief 17 April 2018, Wallpaper*

Having gathered professional mourners from around the world to perform their laments in New York in 2016, artist and erstwhile Wallpaper* Guest Editor Taryn Simon is now bringing her groundbreaking artwork to London, opening this evening. We caught up with Simon in midst of rehearsals to talk about grief, performance and ephemerality.

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