Mike Kelley graduated from the California Institute of the Arts in 1978. He became well known for his fabric sculptures and installations- rag dolls, crocheted blankets and thrift store fabric used in a humourous and often satirical manner. His soft toy sculptures were used as a metaphor for Expressionist art, deploying them irreverently and using the exhibition space as a canvas. Undermining traditional notions of art history, philosophy and science, Kelley's practice examined popular culture and representation in order to reverse their meaning. This tactic he returned to throughout his life- using counterculture to express repressed memories, the misalignment between the self and the social, the sacred and the profane. His works span drawing, sculpture, performance, music, video, photography and painting. Kelley's work features in public collections throughout America and Europe. In 2013 a large survey of the artist's work was held at MoMA PS1 in New York.