Does not art serve to retrieve what falls through the cracks, now that scientific knowledge no longer needs a God?
Galerie Marian Goodman is delighted to present Theory of Colours, the third solo exhibition by Hiroshi Sugimoto in Paris. The exhibition will focus on his new body of work, 'Opticks'.
'Opticks' (2018), was created by capturing the photographic transcription of colours as revealed when light passes through an optical glass prism.
The title of this series is a reference to Sir Isaac Newton's treatise Opticks, published in 1704. Preserved on Polaroid film, the colours of each photograph convey not only Sugimoto's interest in the most subtle hues of the rainbow but also those colours which embody a transition, which appear to be mixed or hard to define. Sugimoto writes:
Gazing at the bright prismatic light each day, I too had my doubts about Newton's seven-colour spectrum: yes, I could see his red-orange-yellow-green-blue-indigo-violet scheme, but I could just as easily discern many more different colours in-between, nameless hues of red-to-orange and yellow-to-green.
Sugimoto is not only a reader of Newton, but also of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. In his Treaty of Colours (Zur Farbenlehre), published in 1810, Goethe described optical phenomena from a more sensitive point of view, prompting Sugimoto to develop a poetical and metaphysical perception of colour 'with neither Newton's impassionate arithmetic gaze, nor Goethe's warm reflexivity, I employed my own photographic devices toward a Middle Way.' Thus, the artist reminds us that in East Asian Buddhist doctrines, the word 'colour' refers to the materialistic world, while its Japanese transcription both signifies 'emptiness' and 'sky.' 'To sum it up' cites Sugimoto, 'if the visible world of colour is essentially empty, then this world is as immaterial as the colour of the sky.'
Sugimoto often works in synergy with arbitrary environmental data making each exposure unique:
My daily routine saw me rise at 5:30 every morning. First thing, I would check for hints of light dawning above the eastern horizon. If the day promised fair weather, next I would sight the 'morning star' shining to the upper right of the nascent dawn. Depending on how bright Venus appeared, I could judge the clarity of the air that day- (...). Only then did I ready my old Polaroid camera and start warming up a film pack from the long winter night chill.
In his studio in Tokyo, designed as an observational space, Sugimoto uses a device equipped with a prism through which the light passes. When the colour spectrum hits a surface at an angle, its continuum can be decompressed, facilitating a complete exploration of a particular hue. 'I could split red into an infinity of reds. Especially when juxtaposed against the dark, each red appears wondrous unto itself. Moreover, colours change constantly.'
The phenomenon of retinal persistence tells us that, after staring at a single colour, we will see an afterimage of the opposite colour for a few seconds when we glance away. This experience inspired Sugimoto to explore emptiness and the contradictions of colour: '...look too long at this world and we see an inverted world. It makes me think all the more that "form is emptiness" and vice-versa.'
In the crypt, there will be a screening of The Garden of Time, a film produced by the Mori Art Museum and Odawara Art Foundation, featuring renowned dancers Aurélie Dupont and Min Tanaka. The film also features a text by Sugimoto, offering insight into the details behind Odawara's Enoura Observatory.
The Odawara Art Foundation was established in 2009 in order to foster the advancement of Japanese culture while adopting an international perspective, by producing and promoting theatre, from classical theatre arts to avant-garde stage art. The site of The Enoura Observatory designed by Hiroshi Sugimoto opened to the public and visitors in October 2017.
The beautiful catalogue, Hiroshi Sugimoto: Post Vitam, published in April 2020 on the occasion of his exhibition at the Kyoto City Kyocera Museum of Art, will be for sale exclusively at our bookshop. In addition, the bookshop will be offering two other publications by Sugimoto: Snow White, a luxurious publication of 400 copies, signed and numbered, devoted to his 'Theaters Series'; Hiroshi Sugimoto: Seascapes, published by Xavier Barral.
Hiroshi Sugimoto was born in Japan in 1948. Since the 1970s, he worked primarily in photography, eventually adding performing arts production and architecture to his multidisciplinary practice. His work investigates themes of time, empiricism and metaphysics. Sugimoto's work is held in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Museum of Modern Art, New York; National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; and Tate Gallery, London; among many others. His work has been the subject of numerous monographs. Sugimoto is the recipient of the National Arts Club Medal of Honor in Photography; The Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Medal; Isamu Noguchi Award; Officier de L'ordre des Arts et des Lettres; Praemium Imperiale Award for Painting; PhotoEspaña Prize; and the Hasselblad Foundation International Award in Photography, among others.
Press release courtesy Galerie Marian Goodman.