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b. 1937, United Kingdom

David Hockney Biography

A defining figure of Pop art in Britain, David Hockney is considered by many to be one of the most charismatic and talented living artists in Britain. Following his award of a Gold Medal from London's Royal College of Art in 1962, and his first solo exhibition in 1963, Hockney rose to prominence as a painter of partly abstracted images of domestic scenes.

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Hockney's move to Southern California in 1964 saw the artist take up as his subject matter the relaxed, leisurely scenes of his new environment: its sun-soaked landscapes, swimming pools and modernist houses. This marked the period in which Hockney created some of his best-known work, painted in a recognisably stylised mode, characterised by large planes of flat colour and graphic, sharp lines that incisively describe the edges of rectilinear SoCal modernist facades. These scenes sometimes included male subjects, often in the nude and depicted from behind—a hint at the homoerotic interests that marked a notable part of his contribution to queer art in the mid-20th century.

The naked male body came to exist as a subject in its own right in Hockney's etchings of male couples created in the late 1960s. Two Boys Aged 23 or 24 (1966), like several other prints by the artist of that period, presents the male figure in a state of undress. In the etching, which is part of a series that illustrates fourteen poems by the pre-war Greek writer Constantine P Cavafy, two men are depicted lying in bed after a moment of amorous interaction. The presence of intimacy between men and homoerotic scenes in Hockney's work predated the legalisation of homosexuality in his native England in 1967.

The early 1980s saw Hockney challenging the medium of photography, resulting in his photocollages (referred to as 'joiners') employing the use of Polaroid prints and, later, 35mm prints arranged in loose grid-like patterns. In Pearblossom Hwy, 11–18th April 1986, #2, for example, the conventional depth and illusionism of photography is disrupted by a fragmented materiality and two-dimensionality, evoked by the evidence of the collage's contrivance. Hockney used photocollage to challenge the overall unity of an image, a feature that reveals his affinity with the Cubists' concern for multiple perspectives viewed simultaneously. After taking photographs from various viewpoints, he stuck these together to create his composite images. This treatment was extended across a variety of different subjects, including portraits, landscapes, architecture and still life.

Amongst Hockney's most well-known bodies of work are his brightly coloured paintings of landscapes. In these large-scale panoramas, often rendered in dramatic shades of acid pink, lime green and bright orange, Hockney returned to the countryside of his native Yorkshire. In 2007, his multi-panel gridded compositions culminated in the creation of his largest painting, consisting of some 50 or so panels, painted en plein air with the help of digital photographs, assembled into a composition of more than 12 x 4.5m in dimension with the title Bigger Trees Near Warter Or/Ou Peinture Sur Le Motif Pour Le Nouvel Age Post-Photographique (2007).

Hockney's practice has spanned a diversity of media including painting, drawing, collage, photography, printmaking and set design. Around 2009, Hockney began utilising new handheld and mobile technologies in the form of iPad and iPhone applications to produce portraits, still lifes and landscapes. Many of these were then sent to friends electronically.

David Hockney's work can be found in many prominent international public collections, including the National Portrait Gallery, London; Tate, London; the J Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles; the Los Angeles County Museum of Art; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; The Museum of Modern Art, New York; Centre Pompidou, Paris; and the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC. Hockney lives and works in both England and the United States.

Tendai John Mutambu | Ocula | 2017

David Hockney, Trees Mist (2019). Acrylic on canvas. 91.4 x 121.9 cm. © David Hockney. Courtesy Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris. Photo: Richard Schmidt.

David Hockney Featured Artworks

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The Scrabble Players by David Hockney contemporary artwork
David HockneyThe Scrabble Players, 2015Photographic drawing printed on paper, mounted on Dibond
107 x 107 cm
Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris Contact Gallery
Flame by David Hockney contemporary artwork
David HockneyFlame, 2009iPhone drawing printed on paper
94 x 65 cm
Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris Contact Gallery
My Bedroom Window by David Hockney contemporary artwork
David HockneyMy Bedroom Window, 2009iPhone drawing printed on paper
94 x 65 cm
Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris Contact Gallery
Henry avoiding the sun by David Hockney contemporary artwork
David HockneyHenry avoiding the sun, 1975Photograph
27 x 20.7 cm
Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris Contact Gallery
Brooke Hopper by David Hockney contemporary artwork
David HockneyBrooke Hopper, 1976Lithograph
97 x 71.3 cm
Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris Contact Gallery
Herrenhausen, Hannover, Germany by David Hockney contemporary artwork
David HockneyHerrenhausen, Hannover, Germany, 1970C-type print, printed 1976
8 x 10 inches
Huxley-Parlour Contact Gallery
White Rose by David Hockney contemporary artwork
David HockneyWhite Rose, 2009iPhone drawing printed on paper
94 x 64.8 cm
Pace Gallery
Untitled by David Hockney contemporary artwork
David HockneyUntitled, 1965Pencil and felt pen on paper
Hamish McKay Enquire

David Hockney Current & Recent Exhibitions

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Contemporary art exhibition, David Hockney, Ma Normandie at Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris, Paris
Open Now
15 October–23 December 2020 David Hockney Ma Normandie Galerie Lelong & Co., 13 Rue de Téhéran, Paris13 Rue de Téhéran, Paris
Contemporary art exhibition, David Hockney, Portraits at Galerie Lelong & Co. Paris, Paris
Closed
30 April–27 May 2020 David Hockney Portraits Galerie Lelong & Co. ParisOnline Only
Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, Small Format at Pace Gallery, New York
Closed
13 February–19 March 2020 Group Exhibition Small Format Pace Gallery, New YorkNew York

David Hockney Represented By

Pace Gallery contemporary art gallery in New York, USA Pace Gallery New York, London, Geneva, Palo Alto, Hong Kong, Seoul, Beijing

David Hockney In Ocula Magazine

London Auction Sales Down Despite $30m Hockney Splash Ocula News London Auction Sales Down Despite $30m Hockney Splash London, 18 February 2020

The third highest price fetched by Hockney at auction contributed to over US $500 million in sales.

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The Lowdown: shows to see during Frieze week Ocula Feature The Lowdown: shows to see during Frieze week By Robert Ayers, New York

With Frieze New York returning to Randall's Island Park from 4 to 6 May 2018, Ocula is on hand to offer a selection of exhibitions around the city, from Bushwick and the LES to Chelsea, Midtown and the Upper East Side. Exhibition view: Before the Fall: German and Austrian Art of the 1930s, Neue Galerie New York (8 March–28 May 2018)....

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David Hockney In Related Press

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Pace Gallery opens Chelsea HQ with Calder, Hockney and more Related Press Pace Gallery opens Chelsea HQ with Calder, Hockney and more 8 October 2019, Wallpaper*

While a handful of Manhattan galleries have flocked south where Tribeca is emerging as a new cultural destination, it's the international blue-chips who are banking on Chelsea's staying power. The recent opening of Pace Gallery's 75,000 sq ft headquarters, designed by Bonetti/Kozerski Architecture, cements the powerhouse's presence in the city's...

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The Passion and Process of David Hockney, Seen in a Restored Documentary Related Press The Passion and Process of David Hockney, Seen in a Restored Documentary 20 June 2019, Hyperallergic

A Bigger Splash, a semi-fictionalized documentary about David Hockney opens with a ringing phone. A slideshow of photos flashes across the screen, and the shrill ringing goes on. Ten seconds... Twenty seconds... Forty... Over a minute goes by, and no one picks up. It dials up the anxiety on a film that, ostensibly, is about an artist and his...

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Hockney-Van Gogh: The Joy of Nature Related Press Hockney-Van Gogh: The Joy of Nature 2 April 2019, The Brooklyn Rail

Hockney–Van Gogh: The Joy of Nature is unabashedly a David Hockney (b. 1937) exhibition but with a twist, it winds the modern master's works around his lifelong fascination with Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890). It's a daring pairing, and as Edwin Becker, Head of Exhibitions at the Van Gogh Museum, told me, 'It's the first time we've dedicated our...

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An Exhibition Comparing Hockney and van Gogh Searches for Common Ground Related Press An Exhibition Comparing Hockney and van Gogh Searches for Common Ground 27 March 2019, Hyperallergic

AMSTERDAM — Entering Hockney – Van Gogh: The Joy of Nature at Amsterdam's Van Gogh Museum is like walking into a painted fantasy forest. Tree trunks are rendered in red, blue, pink, purple, yellow, electric green; leaves are hinted at with quick brushstrokes, or cartoonishly outlined. In the galleries upstairs, we come out of the trees...

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