b. 1944, Ghana

El Anatsui Biography

Ghana-born El Anatsui is an artist who employs simple materials to create complex and often large-scale installations.

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El Anatsui uses a diverse range of mediums—including clay, wood and bottle caps—to portray a range of themes stemming from political, social, environmental and historical concerns. His works present a unique formal language informed by his interest in reuse, postcolonial discourse, consumption, waste and the environment.

Bottle Caps

Emerging from post-independence art movements of West Africa in the 1960s and 1970s, Anatsui gained prominence in 2002 when he began using his distinct bottle cap weaving technique to create large-scale assemblages. These works consist of thousands of pieces of aluminium bottle caps and other materials sewn together with copper wire.

This can be seen in the work Skylines? (2008), where the bottle caps are woven together to create folds that cascade across and down the gallery wall, creating the effect of a metallic cloth-like structure that shimmers in deceptive decadence.

In Skylines? and other wall hanging works, Anatsui reuses metals from alcohol recycling stations. The use of alcohol bottle caps references the industry that Europeans brought to Africa, and the work thus explores postcolonial themes relating to exchange. The use of the recycled material also alludes to Anatsui's interest in visualising waste and consumption, reflecting an environmentalist ethos.


In a report on the artist's exhibition at Sydney's Carriageworks (El Anatsui: Five Decades [7 January—6 March 2015]), Ocula contributor Rachel Fuller noted that of the utmost concern to Anatsui is that 'a work must be fluid and free, it must embody the change inherent in everyday life. As Anatsui says, "The form is not a given, but it is a proposition".' The artist therefore creates variable forms that allow flexibility in order to be shaped and altered to appear differently in each installation.

His works are inherently impermanent as they are taken down, folded then reassembled slightly differently at each exhibition. By making the works mutable, the artist breaks with the form of traditional sculpture. He also challenges convention by hanging his work on walls, from ceilings and laying them on the ground. An example is Gli (Wall) (2010), which hangs from the high ceiling of the gallery interior. The work appears thin and light due to its transparency, resembling a delicate metal curtain.


El Anatsui exhibits internationally and has held numerous instutional and commerical solo and group exhibitions.

His solo exhibitions include: El Anatsui : En quête de liberté, La Conciergerie, Paris (2021); Focus on El Anatsui, October Gallery, London (2020); Proximately, Axel Vervoordt Galery, Antwerp (2019); El Anatsui: Topology of Generosity, Barakat Contemporary, Seoul (2017); El Anatsui: Five Decades, Carriageworks, Sydney (2016); El Anatsui: Playing with Chance, Centre for Contemporary Art, Lagos (2014), among others.

Gravity and Grace: Monumental Works by El Anatsui, a major solo exhibition featuring the artist's 11 metal wall and floor sculptures and recent works, travelled to the Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego; Bass Museum of Art, Miami; Des Moines Art Center; Brooklyn Museum, New York; and Arkon Art Museum, Ohio, in 2014.

Select group exhibitions include Textures: A Print & Fiber Showcase, Zane Bennett Contemporary Art, New Mexico (2021); The Met Unframed, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (2021); Small World Real World, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (2020); Investec: Cape Town, South africa (2019); 57th Carnegie International, Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburg (2018); Intuition, Palazzo Fortuny, Venice (2017); Africa Africans, Museu Afro Brazil, São Paulo (2015).

Nina Lala | Ocula | 2021

El Anatsui Featured Artworks

Routes to Discovery by El Anatsui contemporary artwork sculpture
El Anatsui Routes to Discovery, 2021 Painted wood
153 x 208 cm
Goodman Gallery Contact Gallery
National Identity Card by El Anatsui contemporary artwork sculpture
El Anatsui National Identity Card, 2021 Painted wood
177 x 225 cm
Goodman Gallery Contact Gallery
Drying Line by El Anatsui contemporary artwork sculpture
El Anatsui Drying Line, 2021 Aluminium, copper wire and nylon string
415 x 657 cm
Goodman Gallery Contact Gallery
Freedom by El Anatsui contemporary artwork sculpture
El Anatsui Freedom, 2021 Aluminium, copper wire and nylon string
310 x 893 cm
Goodman Gallery Contact Gallery
Untitled (from the Circular Series) by El Anatsui contemporary artwork print
El Anatsui Untitled (from the Circular Series), 2016 Ink on Somerset 300gsm paper, with chine collé gold foil
84.3 x 84.3 cm
Barakat Contemporary Contact Gallery
Dzi II by El Anatsui contemporary artwork mixed media
El Anatsui Dzi II, 2015 Aluminium and copper wire
290 x 331 cm
Barakat Contemporary Contact Gallery
Tse by El Anatsui contemporary artwork mixed media
El Anatsui Tse, 2016 Bottle caps
260 x 250 cm
Goodman Gallery Contact Gallery

El Anatsui Recent Exhibitions

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El Anatsui Represented By

Axel Vervoordt Gallery contemporary art gallery in Hong Kong Axel Vervoordt Gallery Antwerp, Hong Kong
Goodman Gallery contemporary art gallery in Johannesburg, South Africa Goodman Gallery Cape Town, East Hampton, Johannesburg, London

El Anatsui In Ocula Magazine

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In Ocula Advisory

El Anatsui In Related Press

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El Anatsui In Video & Audio

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