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Pierre Huyghe: The Artist as Director Ocula Conversation Pierre Huyghe: The Artist as Director

Pierre Huyghe is a producer of spectacular and memorable enigmas, with works that function more like mirages than as objects. Abyssal Plain (2015–ongoing), his contribution to the 2015 Istanbul Biennial, curated by Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev, was installed on the seabed of the Marmara Sea, some 20 metres below the surface of the water and close to...

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MoMA Expansion: Once the Modern, Always the Modern Ocula Report MoMA Expansion: Once the Modern, Always the Modern 29 Nov 2019 : Mohammad Salemy for Ocula

In the early decades of its existence, New York's Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), founded in 1929, transformed from a philanthropic project modestly housed in a few rooms of the Heckscher Building on the corner of Fifth Avenue and 57th Street, to an alleged operating node in the United States' cultural struggle during the cold war, and one of the...

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Hans Hartung and Art Informel: Exhibition Walkthrough Ocula Insight | Video
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Hans Hartung and Art Informel: Exhibition Walkthrough 15 October 2019

Hans Hartung and Art Informel at Mazzoleni London (1 October 2019-18 January 2020) presents key works by the French-German painter while highlighting his connection with artists active in Paris during the 50s and 60s. In this video, writer and historian Alan Montgomery discusses Hartung's practice and its legacy.Born in Leipzig in 1904, Hans...

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Eva Hesse

(1936 - 1970), Germany

Born under the Nazi government in Hamburg, Germany, in 1936 to a German-Jewish family, Eva Hesse was sent away at two years old along with her five-year-old sister on one of the final Kindertransports (trains rescuing Jewish children from Nazi Germany). Her parents escaped later and joined their children in Holland. Eventually the entire family made it safely to New York in 1939. However, their extended family were not so lucky. The Hesses had a hard time settling in their new home and Hesse's mother struggled with depression, committing suicide when Hesse was only nine years old.

Hesse first studied at Pratt Institute, then The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art and Yale University. Between studies at Pratt and Cooper Union, Hesse held an internship at Seventeen. At Yale she studied under artist Josef Albers, who, before escaping Nazi Germany, taught at the Bauhaus—the German institution that merged art, craft and design. After leaving Germany, Albers taught at Black Mountain College in North Carolina, known for its own American flavour of interdisciplinary experimentation. The philosophy of both Bauhaus and Black Mountain College undoubtedly was carried along with Albers to Yale and to a young Hesse.

Hesse's career began in the mediums of drawing and painting. Her early works are largely portraits of figures in thick brushstrokes headed towards complete abstraction. No title (1960), shows a gestural figure, with the barest indication of eyes, nose and mouth, standing shyly near the left edge of the canvas. The figure seems ambivalent about its presence, as if it may leave the picture plane altogether at any moment. Upon her return to New York after her studies, Hesse worked as a textile designer and jewellery store assistant to support herself while she continued to paint.

In 1964 Hesse followed her then-husband, sculptor Tom Doyle, to Germany for 15 months for a residency. This was less than 20 years after the end of the war; it was a difficult journey for Hesse, to return to the country that had destroyed her family. However, during the residency, Hesse found the inspiration to transition from painting to sculpture. She experimented with metal and string that was lying around her studio and soon found her work in a meeting-point between the two-dimensional and three-dimensional. In Legs of a Walking Ball (1965), for example, a straight red rod and a yellow curved rod with a bulbous form on the end protrude from the picture plane as if they are lines that have jumped off the page. Their shadows become like drawn lines on the image they float above. In such work, the mixed media, organic, bodily forms that Hesse would become known for begin to feel themselves in space.

The first exhibition of Hesse's new sculptural leanings occurred at Kunsthalle Düsseldorf in 1965. The institution showed 14 of Hesse's relief works, including Tomorrow's Apples (5 in White) (1965). In Tomorrow's Apples (5 in White) two sections on the white picture plane are textured with thick white paint. On the edges of these two sections five cords connect one white space to the other. The cords, in blue, pink and yellow, form a bridge across the space, creating shadows on the canvas. Between the lines of the cords and the lines of their shadows, perhaps the five apples alluded to in the title are formed.

From these initial experiments with relief, Hesse developed her sculptural language even further upon her return to New York. She began using latex, fibreglass, polyester resin and rubber. In Contingent (1969), Hesse created eight banner-like forms in which latex-covered cheesecloth is stretched between rectangles of fibreglass. These forms are hung in space, perpendicular to the wall. In their grouping and organic nature, these works are reminiscent of stretched, hanging bodies. One of the first artists to take the language of Minimalism and stretch it beyond its rigid structures, Hesse's world of materiality—such as in Contingent—held a direct relationship to the body through the pathos of her materials.

Over her life, Hesse corresponded with contemporaries such as Sol LeWitt. Her extensive journals and letters are in the collection of the Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio. She was also close to Carl Andre and felt a very visceral connection to his work, comparing his metal pieces to the concentration camps in an interview with Cindy Nemser for Artforum in May 1970.

In 1969, the headaches Hesse had been prone to became increasingly serious. She was diagnosed with a brain tumour. Though the subsequent surgeries Hesse underwent were at moments thought to be successful, the tumours soon returned. They dealt the final blow in 1970. Hesse made the work Untitled (Rope Piece) (1970) with help from friends as she was nearing the end of her life. Rope, string and wire is covered in latex and hung from approximately 13 wires, shelter-like, each section blending into the other like a spider's web, both taut and limp. Hesse was 34 when she died.

Biography by Casey Carsel | Ocula | 2018
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Featured Artworks

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No title by Eva Hesse contemporary artwork
Eva HesseNo title, 1964 Collage, gouache, watercolour, coloured pencil, and graphite on construction paper
45.9 x 32.4 cm
Hauser & Wirth
No title by Eva Hesse contemporary artwork
Eva HesseNo title, 1954 Ink on paper
27.9 x 21.8 cm
Hauser & Wirth
No title by Eva Hesse contemporary artwork
Eva HesseNo title, 1957 Colour-aid paper collage on cardboard
15.4 x 27.3 cm
Hauser & Wirth
No title by Eva Hesse contemporary artwork
Eva HesseNo title, 1958 Photogram (gelatin silver print)
35.1 x 27.9 cm
Hauser & Wirth
No title by Eva Hesse contemporary artwork
Eva HesseNo title, 1958 Ink and graphite on paper
42.7 x 35.6 cm
Hauser & Wirth
No title by Eva Hesse contemporary artwork
Eva HesseNo title, 1960 Gouache and India ink on paper
34.6 x 26.8 cm
Hauser & Wirth
No title by Eva Hesse contemporary artwork
Eva HesseNo title, 1961 India ink and conté crayon on paper
16.8 x 23 cm
Hauser & Wirth
No title by Eva Hesse contemporary artwork
Eva HesseNo title, 1961 Black and brown ink on paper
15.4 x 22.9 cm
Hauser & Wirth

Recent Exhibitions

Contemporary art exhibition, Eva Hesse, Forms Larger and Bolder: EVA HESSE DRAWINGS from the Allen Memorial Art Museum at Oberlin College at Hauser & Wirth, New York
Closed
5 September–19 October 2019 Eva Hesse Forms Larger and Bolder: EVA HESSE DRAWINGS from the Allen Memorial Art Museum at Oberlin College Hauser & Wirth, 69th Street, New York
Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, Unconscious Landscape. Works from the Ursula Hauser Collection at Hauser & Wirth, Somerset
Closed
25 May–8 September 2019 Group Exhibition Unconscious Landscape. Works from the Ursula Hauser Collection Hauser & Wirth, Somerset

Represented By

In Related Press

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An Unlikely Matchup of Paper and Steel Related Press An Unlikely Matchup of Paper and Steel Hyperallergic : 14 September 2019

They sounded like an odd pairing when the announcement arrived: Eva Hesse and John Chamberlain, featured in the exhibitions, Forms Larger and Bolder: EVA HESSE DRAWINGS and John Chamberlain Baby Tycoons, at Hauser & Wirth's uptown townhouse.While they are clearly separate shows, their proximity nonetheless sets up inevitable — if...

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Your Concise New York Art Guide for Fall 2019 Related Press Your Concise New York Art Guide for Fall 2019 Hyperallergic : 10 September 2019

As always, there are many wonderful exhibitions, film festivals, and art events taking place throughout the fall in New York. We've put together our recommendations, and hope that they encourage you to explore the artistic happenings of this great city. Focusing on museums, art nonprofits, and galleries that continue to make New York a global hub...

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Turning women’s work into art Related Press Turning women’s work into art Apollo Magazine : 21 February 2017

For almost four years the critic Karen Wright wrote a weekly column for Radar, the Independent newspaper's magazine, entitled In The Studio, which was based on nearly 200 visits to artists' studios. As she puts it in her catalogue essay for Entangled, currently at Turner Contemporary, 'Looking at what is lying around or pinned to the wall is often...

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A guide to New York City's historic artist studios Related Press A guide to New York City's historic artist studios Hyperallergic : 5 August 2016

In New York City’s constantly changing urban landscape, artist studios can be ephemeral. Reborn as private condos, such as Willem de Kooning’s West 22nd Street space, or demolished, like Andy Warhol’s first Silver Factory on East 47th Street, many of these historic sites are inaccessible or lost. Several of the city’s...

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