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Hito Steyerl: How To Build a Sustainable Art World Ocula Conversation Hito Steyerl: How To Build a Sustainable Art World

'A Picture of War is Not War', we read in Hito Steyerl's iconic film November (2004), an essayistic Super 8 film tackling the definition of terrorism constructed around the figure of the artist's best friend Andrea Wolf, who was killed as a terrorist in 1998 in Eastern Anatolia after she joined the PKK (Kurdistan Workers' Party). Mixing documentary...

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Aichi to Okayama: Art in Japan Looks to the Future Ocula Report Aichi to Okayama: Art in Japan Looks to the Future 11 Oct 2019 : Stephanie Bailey for Ocula

There has been a flurry of triennial and biennial art activity in Japan this year. The Aichi Triennale opened in Nagoya this August, sparking a national debate about the shutting down of a display of formerly censored works—the result of public backlash against a burnt image of Emperor Hirohito and a statue commemorating the women forced into...

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Hans Hartung and Art Informel: Exhibition Walkthrough Ocula Insight | Video
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Hans Hartung and Art Informel: Exhibition Walkthrough 15 October 2019

Hans Hartung and Art Informel at Mazzoleni London (1 October 2019-18 January 2020) presents key works by the French-German painter while highlighting his connection with artists active in Paris during the 50s and 60s. In this video, writer and historian Alan Montgomery discusses Hartung's practice and its legacy.Born in Leipzig in 1904, Hans...

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Takashi Murakami

b. 1962, Japan

Best known for his distinctive anime-inspired characters and worlds of explosive neon colours, Takashi Murakami garnered international attention in the late 1990s with his cartoon-like paintings and sculptures.

Murakami's aesthetics largely derive from his concern with the emergence of kawaii (cute) visual culture in post-war Japan. After Japan's surrender to the Allies in 1945, Japanese artists turned to creating cartoon fantasies and harmless characters such as Hello Kitty and Doraemon as a way of reinventing their culture. When these icons began to gain popularity inside and outside Japan, the Japanese government also adopted them—issuing Hello Kitty stamps, for example—to reinvent the country as cool, youthful and approachable.

Murakami uses his kawaii characters to critique Japanese society. In the painting Super Nova (1999), for example, cartoon mushrooms are infested with eyeballs on their bodies. By appropriating anime aesthetics to depict the effects of nuclear explosion on life, Murakami subverted the playfulness and fantasy expected of anime in an attempt to force the viewer to confront reality.

At the same time, Murakami regards kawaii as a means for Japan to establish a cultural cache overseas and has successfully introduced his characters into international popular culture. Between 2002 and 2015, he famously collaborated with Louis Vuitton to redesign the brand's iconic logo print in his signature neon colour palette, and to incorporate his smiling flowers and big-eared characters into its luxury bags. His creations have also appeared in the music industry, notably his artwork for Kanye West albums (Graduation [2007], Kids See Ghosts [2018]) and collaborations with Pharrell Williams to create a sculpture at Art Basel Miami Beach (2009) and a music video (Last Night, Good Night [2014]).

In addition to his anime-inspired characters, Murakami's practice is informed by contemporary events and religious iconography. His solo exhibition In the Land of the Dead, Stepping on the Tail of a Rainbow at Gagosian New York in 2014 was conceived as a reaction to the Great Tōhoku Earthquake and the Fukushima nuclear disaster of 2011. For the works in the exhibition, Murakami borrowed from Buddhist, Daoist and Japanese Shinto imageries—such as the enlightened Buddhist monks in the painting Isle of the Dead (2014)—and reinterpreted them as his signature psychedelic, anime-style characters, creating an environment that cultivated spirituality and encouraged healing in the aftermath of the catastrophe.

By the early 2000s, Murakami's style had captivated the imagination of younger artists and spurred an art movement in Japan that came to be known as 'Superflat'. Inspired by the kawaii aesthetics, Superflat artists seek to conflate the dichotomies of high and low art while combining the flatness of traditional Japanese painting with references to both Eastern and Western popular cultures.

Since his introduction to the international art world in the 1990s, Murakami has ventured beyond the galleries to work as a curator and entrepreneur. In 2001, he organised a group show titled Superflat at MOCA Pacific Design Center, West Hollywood. Other notable exhibitions curated by Murakami include Little Boy: The Arts of Japan's Exploding Subculture at Japan Society Gallery, New York (2005); Kazunori Hamana, Yuji Ueda, and Otani Workshop at Blum & Poe, New York (2016); and Juxtapoz x Superflat at Vancouver Art Gallery (2016). Murakami has also been the head of his company, Kaikai Kiki, since 2001. The company represents the forerunners of the Superflat movement, such as Chiho Aoshima, Chinatsu Ban and Aya Takano, and supports aspiring Japanese artists.

Murakami completed his studies at Tokyo University of the Arts and holds a PhD in nihonga. He has exhibited extensively around the world, including Tokyo, Los Angeles, New York, Boston, Paris, Frankfurt and Qatar. In 2010, his sculptures and paintings were displayed in 15 rooms of the Palace of Versailles as part of his first major retrospective in France. The Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago also arranged a survey of his works in 2017, many of which had never been shown in North America. An equally recognised artist in his homeland, Murakami was awarded the 66th Art Encouragement Prize by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in 2016.

Biography by Sherry Paik | Ocula | 2018
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Featured Artworks

Tokyo Tower* by Takashi Murakami contemporary artwork
Takashi MurakamiTokyo Tower*, 2009 Offset print
68 x 68 cm
Perrotin
Korin: Azure River* by Takashi Murakami contemporary artwork
Takashi MurakamiKorin: Azure River*, 2016 Offset print
71 x 71 cm
Sold
Perrotin
Enso: The Heart* by Takashi Murakami contemporary artwork
Takashi MurakamiEnso: The Heart*, 2016 Offset print
68 x 68 cm
Perrotin
Hokkyo Takashi - Kansei* by Takashi Murakami contemporary artwork
Takashi MurakamiHokkyo Takashi - Kansei*, 2016 Offset print
71 x 71 cm
Sold
Perrotin
MGST, 1962- 2011* by Takashi Murakami contemporary artwork
Takashi MurakamiMGST, 1962- 2011*, 2012 Offset print
65 x 57 cm
Perrotin
The Flowerball's Painterly Challenge* by Takashi Murakami contemporary artwork
Takashi MurakamiThe Flowerball's Painterly Challenge*, 2016 Offset print
71 x 71 cm
Sold
Perrotin
The Moon Over the Ruined Castle* by Takashi Murakami contemporary artwork
Takashi MurakamiThe Moon Over the Ruined Castle*, 2016 Offset print
71 x 71 cm
Sold
Perrotin

Recent Exhibitions

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Contemporary art exhibition, Takashi Murakami, From Superflat to Bubblewrap at STPI, Singapore
Closed
13 July–14 September 2019 Takashi Murakami From Superflat to Bubblewrap STPI, Singapore
Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, An Exhibition For Notre-Dame at Gagosian, Paris
Closed
11 June–27 July 2019 Group Exhibition An Exhibition For Notre-Dame Gagosian, Paris
Contemporary art exhibition, Takashi Murakami, MURAKAMI vs MURAKAMI at Tai Kwun Contemporary, Hong Kong
Closed
1 June–1 September 2019 Takashi Murakami MURAKAMI vs MURAKAMI Tai Kwun Contemporary, Hong Kong

Represented By

In Ocula Magazine

Basel Tov! Art Basel 2015 Ocula Report Basel Tov! Art Basel 2015 10 Jul 2015 : Diana d'Arenberg for Ocula

Another month, another art fair. With over 200 fairs held every year, I feel like a hamster stuck on an ever-spinning wheel. I just can’t seem to hop off, and after several years of this it has all become a bit of a blur. There isn’t a city to be visited that hasn’t already created its own art fair or biennale; there’s...

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In Related Press

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TAKASHI MURAKAMI IN WONDERLAND Related Press TAKASHI MURAKAMI IN WONDERLAND ArtAsiaPacific : 29 January 2019

Takashi Murakami in Wonderland was Murakami's first solo show in mainland China and Perrotin's second exhibition in its posh 1,200-square-meter Shanghai space. According to Perrotin's press release, it was also the artist's largest gallery show in Asia to date, featuring recent and new works specially created for the occasion.At the gallery's...

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Perrotin Opens New Space in Shanghai with Takashi Murakami Related Press Perrotin Opens New Space in Shanghai with Takashi Murakami Whitewall : 2 January 2019

In November 2018, Perrotin debuted its fourth gallery in Asia in the heart of Shanghai. The space was inaugurated with the exhibition Takashi Murakami in Wonderland, on view through January 5.Just after the opening, Whitewall caught up with the woman behind the new location, Etsuko Nakajima.

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'To Escape Anxiety, There Was Sci-Fi': Takashi Murakami on His Early Years, Francis Bacon, and Kanye West Related Press 'To Escape Anxiety, There Was Sci-Fi': Takashi Murakami on His Early Years, Francis Bacon, and Kanye West ARTnews : 8 June 2018

In 1980, when the Japanese artist Takashi Murakami was 17 years old, he saw the anime movie Galaxy Express 999, about a boy finding his way as an astral traveler. 'It was like my spirit was flown away into outer space,' he remembered. 'This was around the time that Japan went into a bubble economy—there was a festive mood, but as an...

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Birthday buzz and secret messages at Takashi Murakami retrospective Related Press Birthday buzz and secret messages at Takashi Murakami retrospective Wallpaper* : 3 February 2018

It seems that Vancouver has been rather superflattened by the arrival of Takashi Murakami – or at the very least supercharged. The Japanese international art world star arrived in town to open his retrospective exhibition The Octopus Eats Its Own Leg, on the eve of his 56th birthday, to a palpable civic buzz. He was even presented with a special...

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In Video & Audio

ASIA NOW 2018 || Takashi Murakami's Superflat Collection, Presented by Akiko Miki Related Video & Audio ASIA NOW 2018 || Takashi Murakami's Superflat Collection, Presented by Akiko Miki ASIA NOW : 1 November 2018

Akiko Miki, International Artistic Director of the Benesse Art Site in Naoshima, Japan, presents one of the most unconventional collector's stories in Japan, that of the artist Takashi Murakami, as well as the exhibition she curated in 2016 at the Yokohama Museum of Art on Murakami's collection.

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