b. 1954, India

Anish Kapoor Biography

Anish Kapoor is widely recognised for his monumental public works and installations that often incorporate reflective surfaces and curvature as well as unconventional sculptural mediums like water.

Read More

A preoccupation with voids, the body and the relationship between man and his surrounding environment further characterise his works.


Kapoor studied in London, where he attended Hornsey College of Art (1973–77) and Chelsea College of Arts (1977–78).


Since gaining recognition for his biomorphic sculptures of the 1980s, made using pure pigment and traditional materials, Anish Kapoor has experimented with mirrored and recessive surfaces, new technologies, and scale.

Early Work

Several of Kapoor's early works, seemingly rising out of the floor or wall, underscore his preoccupation with blood and female anatomy as with As if to celebrate, I discovered a mountain blooming with red flowers (1981). Created for the exhibition British Sculpture in the Twentieth Century. Part 2: Symbol and Imagination 1951—980 (1981—2) at London's Whitechapel Gallery, the sculpture consists of three groups of geometric forms made from wood, cement and polystyrene, and covered in pure pigment that spills over the floor.

Each shape references the human physique: the three-peaked mountain in red as the body; the pair of red ellipsoids as breasts; while the boat-like form, the only yellow object of the group, suggests movement. Kapoor derived the first part of the title, 'As if to celebrate', from a Haiku poem, and the rest came from a Hindu myth in which a goddess is born out of a mountain of male gods' bodies.

Working with traditional materials and techniques, Kapoor became associated with a group of young artists—among them Tony Cragg, Richard Deacon, Antony Gormley and Shirazeh Houshiary—known as the New British Sculptors.

The Void

In the following decade, Kapoor's sculptures progressively grew as he began to explore the idea of the void by constructing forms that contain cavities or disappear into the floor or wall. In the sculpture Void Field (1989)—presented at the 44th Venice Biennale and for which he was awarded the Premio Duemila Prize—the top surfaces of sandstone blocks are pierced with a hole and filled with black pigment. Contrasting the mass of the blocks with the voids within them, Kapoor explored the tensions between presence and absence, being and non-being, and internal space and darkness.

Kapoor later multiplied the scale of the void with Marsyas (2002)—commissioned for the Turbine Hall at Tate Modern—by creating a hollow, trumpet-like structure out of red plastic membrane that extended over the monumental gallery space.

Kapoor's exploration of the void led him to experiment with the blackness of black paint, resulting in his controversial acquisition of exclusive rights to the super-black pigment Vantablack in 2016. Following what Kapoor's critics viewed as a monopoly, British artist Stuart Semple raised funds to create Black 3.0, which is purported to be even blacker than Vantablack, that is available to all for use except Kapoor.

Mirrored Surfaces

From the mid-1990s onwards, Kapoor increasingly used mirrored surfaces in his works, as in the three concave, stainless steel discs of Her Blood (1998), which are presented on the floor or on the wall and reflect their environment from different angles. A later work such as Blood Mirror (2000) similarly consists of a stainless disc, featuring red in its lacquered and highly polished surface. The simple concave shape in both works appears to be a void from a distance and becomes activated when the spectator steps closer to it, contorting reality to subvert his or her sense of perception.


Throughout Kapoor's works, there exists a sense of theatricality—one that requires audience participation to complete its experience. In conversation with Ocula Magazine in 2016, Kapoor said, 'There is something about the performative in a work, where the work almost switches itself on as you enter its space. I think it's terribly important because that's a conversation between a viewer and an object.'

Enacting this performativity is his 'Non-Object' series of 'twisted' stainless steel sculptures that invite the spectator to walk around them and study the constantly morphing reflections. Similarly, Ishi's Light (2003)—an ovoid shell with a fibreglass exterior and a lacquered red interior—opens partially to allow the spectator into its space. The concave forms in both 'Non-Objects' and Ishi's Light seek to engage the participant's senses both optically by projecting distorted reflections and aurally by amplifying sound within their parameters.


Recognised for his incessant exploration of innovative materials and technology, Kapoor is to present new works created using carbon nanotechnology at the 59th Venice Biennale in 2022.

Public Works

Kapoor's public sculptures are celebrated for their monumental sizes and spectacular feats of design and engineering. Cloud Gate (2004), dedicated to Chicago's Millennium Park in 2006, is among his most known works and exemplifies his brand of spectacle through simple forms. The 110-ton stainless steel sculpture, nicknamed 'the Bean' for its resemblance to an upturned bean, enchants the public with its seamless surface and perpetually shifting reflections.

Other landmarks by Kapoor include ArcelorMittal Orbit (2012) , a 115-metres-tall tower made of red tubular steel, erected for London's Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park; and Descension (2014), an unconventional sculpture made of infinitely swirling water for the Brooklyn Bridge in New York.


A Turner Prize winner (1991), Kapoor has exhibited internationally in major institutions and galleries.

Select solo exhibitions include Anish Kapoor, Museum of Contemporary Art and Urban Planning, Shenzhen (2021); Anish Kapoor, Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich (2020); Anish Kapoor, Lisson Gallery, London (2019); Anish Kapoor, SCAI The Bathhouse, Tokyo (2016); Gathering Clouds, Kukje Gallery, Seoul (2016); Anish Kapoor and Rembrandt, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (2015).

Select group exhibitions include Chaos & Order, Axel Vervoordt Gallery, Antwerp (2021); Lasting Impressions, Dellasposa Gallery, London (2020); Reflections on Space and Time, Galeria Nara Roesler, São Paulo (2019); Minimalism: Space, Light, Object, National Gallery Singapore and ArtScience Museum, Singapore (2018); A Journey, Kewenig, Berlin (2017); Seeing Round Corners: The Art of the Circle, Turner contemporary, Margate (2016); Whorled Explorations, Kochi-Muziris Biennale, India (2014).


Anish Kapoor's website can be found here.

Sherry Paik | Ocula | 2021

Anish Kapoor Featured Artworks

View All (23)
Untitled by Anish Kapoor contemporary artwork print
Anish Kapoor Untitled, 2015 Polmyer gravure type etching on French BFK Rives natural 280gsm paper
33 x 40 cm
Dellasposa Gallery Contact Gallery
Untitled by Anish Kapoor contemporary artwork painting, works on paper
Anish Kapoor Untitled, 2020 Oil on paper
66.5 x 101.5 cm
Lisson Gallery Contact Gallery
Untitled by Anish Kapoor contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, drawing
Anish Kapoor Untitled, 2020 Oil and pencil on paper
66.5 x 101.5 cm
Lisson Gallery Contact Gallery
Eclipse by Anish Kapoor contemporary artwork sculpture
Anish Kapoor Eclipse, 2018 Stainless steel and lacquer
121 x 121 x 15 cm
SCAI The Bathhouse Contact Gallery
Sathi by Anish Kapoor contemporary artwork sculpture
Anish Kapoor Sathi, 2021 Silicone, wood and fabric
213 x 274 x 5 cm
Lisson Gallery Contact Gallery
Flow Blue by Anish Kapoor contemporary artwork print
Anish Kapoor Flow Blue, 2019 A series of 4 colour etchings
145 x 193 cm
Paragon Contact Gallery
Glisten by Anish Kapoor contemporary artwork sculpture
Anish Kapoor Glisten, 2018 Fiberglass and paint
255 x 255 x 43.5 cm
He Art Museum
Untitled (Red Solid) by Anish Kapoor contemporary artwork sculpture
Anish Kapoor Untitled (Red Solid) Lacquered bronze
12.5 x 36 x 36 inches
Not for sale
Beyer Projects

Anish Kapoor Recent Exhibitions

View All (17)

Anish Kapoor Represented By

Beyer Projects contemporary art gallery in New York, USA
Beyer Projects New York
Kukje Gallery contemporary art gallery in Seoul, South Korea
Kukje Gallery Busan, Seoul
Lisson Gallery contemporary art gallery in Lisson Street, London, United Kingdom
Lisson Gallery Beijing, East Hampton, London, New York, Shanghai
Paragon contemporary art gallery in London, United Kingdom
Paragon London

Anish Kapoor In Ocula Magazine

View All (13)

Anish Kapoor In Video & Audio

Follow Anish Kapoor
Stay ahead.
Receive updates on new artworks,
exhibitions and articles.
Your personal data is held in accordance with our privacy policy.
Do you have an Ocula account?
Get Access
Join Ocula to request price and availability of artworks, exhibition checklists and build a collection of favourite artists, galleries and artworks.
Subscribe me to the Ocula newsletter.
I agree to Ocula's Terms & Conditions.
Your personal data is held in accordance with our Privacy Policy.
Do you have an Ocula account? Login
Thank you for joining us. Just one more thing...
Soon you will receive an email asking you to complete registration. If you do not receive it then you can check and edit the email address you entered.
Thank you for joining us.
You can now request price and availability of artworks, exhibition checklists and build a collection of favourite artists, galleries and artworks.
Welcome back to Ocula
Enter your email address and password below to login.
Don't have an account? Sign Up
I forgot my password
Reset Password
Enter your email address to receive a password reset link.
Reset Link Sent
We have sent you an email containing a link to reset your password. Simply click the link and enter your new password to complete this process.