You must first login or register to follow this artist. X
Ocula MagazineContentsView All
Featured ContentView All
Taloi Havini: Reclaiming Space and History Latest Ocula Conversation
In Partnership with Artspace Sydney
Taloi Havini: Reclaiming Space and History By Ruth McDougall, Sydney

Artist Taloi Havini and Ruth McDougall, curator of Pacific art at Queensland Art Gallery and Gallery of Modern Art, discuss Havini's first Australian solo exhibition, Reclamation .

Fade out copy.
Read More
Armory Week Lowdown: Art Shows to See Latest Ocula Report Armory Week Lowdown: Art Shows to See By Casey Carsel, New York

After structural issues forced The Armory Show into last-minute relocation pirouettes last year, the fair returns between 5 and 8 March 2020 with a flourishing programme, complemented by stand-out shows across New York City.

Fade out copy.
Read More
Ella Kruglyanskaya Steals from Art History, Takes Back Gaze Ocula Insight Ella Kruglyanskaya Steals from Art History, Takes Back Gaze By Tessa Moldan, London

For her second solo exhibition at Thomas Dane Gallery in London, Ella Kruglyanskaya's compositions signal the many possibilities of paint.

Fade out copy.
Read More
HomePage Artists

(1923 – 2019), Venezuela

Carlos Cruz-Diez Biography

The Franco-Venezuelan artist Carlos Cruz-Diez (Caracas, 1923) has lived and worked in Paris since 1960. He is a major protagonist in the field of Kinetic and Optical art, a movement that encourages 'an awareness of the instability of reality.'1

Read More

Carlos Cruz-Diez graduated from the School of Visual Arts and Applied Arts, Caracas, in 1945. While still at art school, he worked as an illustrator for popular Venezuelan newspapers and magazines such as La Esfera, Elite, and El Farol. From 1946 to 1955, he was the creative director at the Caracas branch of McCann-Erickson, the international advertising agency, and contributed illustrations to the Venezuelan newspaper El Nacional.

He first went to Europe in 1955 and lived in El Masnou (Cataluña, Spain), where he began a defining phase in his career, creating his earliest abstract compositions (Parénquimas) and his first Objetos Rítmicos Móviles [Mobile Rhythmic Objects]. He visited Paris that same year, where he saw the Le Mouvement exhibition at the Galerie Denise René. In 1956 he quit producing figurative social protest painting and returned to Venezuela, where he opened the Estudio de Artes Visuales, a visual arts studio for graphic and industrial design. It was during that period that Carlos Cruz-Diez started developing the conceptual platform for his work based on optical and chromatic phenomena, a process that led to the creation of his first Color Aditivo [Additive Color] and Fisicromía 1, in 1959. He and his family settled in Paris in 1960, where he met and discussed his ideas with international artists such as Agam, Tinguely, Soto, Buri, Picelj, Morellet, Camargo, Lygia Clark, Le Parc, Calder, and Vasarely.

Carlos Cruz-Diez articulated his exploration of the phenomenon of colour in eight projects: Couleur Additive [Additive Color], Physichromie, Induction Chromatique [Chromatic Induction], Chromointerférence [Chromo-Interference], Transchromie, Chromosaturation, Chromoscope, and Couleur à l’Espace [Color in Space]. His works present colour as an autonomous reality that evolves in space and time, unaided by form or support, in a perpetual present. In the late 1960s, he produced a number of installations for urban landscapes in Caracas, Miami, Washington, Houston, Paris, Seoul, Sao Paulo, Panama, and Madrid, among other metropolitan areas. In his book Reflexión sobre el color [Reflection on Color] (Caracas, 1989), he clearly and succinctly outlines the evolution of his pictorial and theoretical process.

After settling in Paris, Carlos Cruz-Diez showed his work at several historic exhibitions, such as Bewogen Beweging at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam (1961), and The Responsive Eye at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York (1965). In 1968, he presented his first Chromosaturation at the Cinétisme, spectacle, environment exhibition at the Maison de la Culture in Grenoble, France. In 1970, he took part in the XXXV Venice Biennial, where he had his own solo show at the Venezuelan Pavilion. Carlos Cruz-Diez. Color in Space and Time, the exhibition organised by The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH) in 2011, was the most complete retrospective of his work that had ever been assembled. In 2013, he was among the most distinguished artists to participate in the exhibition Dynamo. Un siècle de lumière et de mouvement dans l’art. 1913—2013, at the Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris. In 2014, he created a Chromatic Environment for the exhibition Cruz-Diez. Color Espacial at the Centro Niemeyer, Spain. Then in 2016, he took part in the exhibition Eye Attack. Op Art and Kinetic Art 1950—1970 at the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Denmark. Lately, the SCAD Museum of Art brought his chromatic investigations to the forefront with the solo exhibition Chroma (2017).

Over the course of his career, Carlos Cruz-Diez has received many prestigious awards and medals, such as the Grand Prize at the III American Art Biennale in Cordoba (Argentina, 1966), the International Prize for Painting at the IX Sao Paulo Biennial (Brazil, 1967), and the Order of Andrés Bello, First Class (Venezuela, 1981). He was named Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters (France, 2002), and Officer of the National Order of the Legion of Honor (France, 2012), and was given an honorary Doctorate by the Universidad Central (Venezuela, 2014). He was most recently named SCAD deFINE ART honoree (USA, 2017).

In 2005, his family created the Cruz-Diez Foundation, whose mission is to protect, preserve, promote, and research his artistic and conceptual legacy. In 2014, the Foundation published his memoirs, Vivir en Arte, recuerdos de lo que me acuerdo [Living in Art: Memories of What I Remember].

Text courtesy La Patinoire Royale – galerie Valérie Bach.

Carlos Cruz-Diez Featured Artworks

View All (9)
Color aditivo yuruani by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork
Carlos Cruz-DiezColor aditivo yuruani, 2017Chromography reported on aluminium, 8 pieces
80 x 240 cm
Dep Art Gallery Enquire about this work
Color al espacio serie churum 1 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork
Carlos Cruz-DiezColor al espacio serie churum 1, 2015Chromography reported on aluminium, 8 pieces
80 x 240 cm
Dep Art Gallery Enquire about this work
Physichromie 1151 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork
Carlos Cruz-DiezPhysichromie 1151, 1981Serigraphy on aluminum
70 x 70 cm
Dep Art Gallery Enquire about this work
Chromointerférence spatiale B, Paris by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork
Carlos Cruz-DiezChromointerférence spatiale B, Paris, 2015Chromography on aluminium, plastic strips
60 x 60 cm
La Patinoire Royale – galerie Valérie Bach Enquire about this work
Chromointerférence spatiale A, Paris by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork
Carlos Cruz-DiezChromointerférence spatiale A, Paris, 2015Chromography on aluminium, plastic strips
60 x 60 cm
La Patinoire Royale – galerie Valérie Bach Enquire about this work
Induccion del Amarillo ABC 2 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork
Carlos Cruz-DiezInduccion del Amarillo ABC 2, 2015Chromography reported on aluminium, 8 pieces
70 x 70 cm
Dep Art Gallery Enquire about this work
Induction du Jaune N°211 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork
Carlos Cruz-DiezInduction du Jaune N°211, 2016Acrylic on aluminium
120 x 120 cm
La Patinoire Royale – galerie Valérie Bach Enquire about this work
Physichromie 1965 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork
Carlos Cruz-DiezPhysichromie 1965, 2015Chromographie on aluminium, plastic inserts
100 x 200 cm
La Patinoire Royale – galerie Valérie Bach Enquire about this work

Carlos Cruz-Diez Recent Exhibitions

Contemporary art exhibition, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Colore come evento di spazi at Dep Art Gallery, Milano
Closed
9 October 2019–21 January 2020 Carlos Cruz-Diez Colore come evento di spazi Dep Art Gallery, Milano
Contemporary art exhibition, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Labyrinthus at La Patinoire Royale – galerie Valérie Bach, Brussels
Closed
26 April–27 July 2019 Carlos Cruz-Diez Labyrinthus La Patinoire Royale – galerie Valérie Bach, Brussels

Carlos Cruz-Diez Represented By

Carlos Cruz-Diez In Related Press

View All (5)
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston Announces 7 Site-Specific Installations Related Press Museum of Fine Arts, Houston Announces 7 Site-Specific Installations 5 December 2019, The New York Times

The artists are El Anatsui, Byung Hoon Choi, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Olafur Eliasson, Trenton Doyle Hancock, Cristina Iglesias and Ai Weiwei, and they were commissioned to create a mix of sculptures, light installations and suspended artworks for the 14-acre premises, known as the Susan and Fayez S. Sarofim Campus.

Fade out copy.
Read More
Carlos cruz-diez. Colore come evento di spazi Related Press Carlos cruz-diez. Colore come evento di spazi 10 October 2019, Milano Today

Si svolge alla Dep Art Gallery di Milano, a partire dal 9 ottobre, la prima mostra personale di Carlos Cruz-Diez dopo la sua recente scomparsa. Fino al 21 gennaio 2020 la mostra Carlos Cruz-Diez. Colore come evento di spazi –realizzata in collaborazione con Articruz–ripercorre attraverso sedici grandi opere le fasi salienti del percorso...

Fade out copy.
Read More
In memoriam: Carlos Cruz-Diez (1923-2019) Related Press In memoriam: Carlos Cruz-Diez (1923-2019) 30 July 2019, Wallpaper*

Born in Caracas in 1923, Carlos Cruz-Diez discovered a love of drawing as a child, enrolling at age 17 at the city's School of Fine Art, where his peers included Jesús Rafael Soto and Alejandro Otero, who alongside Cruz-Diez would become the foremost Venezuelan artists of the 20th century.

Fade out copy.
Read More
CARLOS CRUZ-DIEZ (1923–2019) Related Press CARLOS CRUZ-DIEZ (1923–2019) 30 July 2019, Artforum

Carlos Cruz-Diez, whose vibrating polychromatic abstractions plumbed the atmospheric and phenomenological effects of color, died in Paris on Saturday at age ninety-five. Born in 1923 in Caracas, Cruz-Diez enrolled at the city's School of Plastic and Applied Arts in 1940.

Fade out copy.
Read More

Sign up to be notified when new artworks and exhibitions by Carlos Cruz-Diez are added to Ocula.

WeChat

Scan the QR Code via WeChat to follow Ocula's official account.

Scan to follow Ocula on WeChat.
iCal GoogleYahooOutlook