(1923 – 2019), Venezuela

Carlos Cruz-Diez Artworks

Carlos Cruz-Diez was a pioneer in the field of Op Art, a movement based on working with geometric forms to create optical effects. Cruz-Diez's practice examined how colour and light created the illusion of movement and the transformation of colour.

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Traversing site-specific installations, paintings, and prints, much of Cruz-Diez's optical work is forged around spatial perception and the viewer's participation in the experience of art.

Cruz-Diez conducted much research into colour theory, and today is understood as one of the key 20th-century thinkers in the field. His research contributed to the reconsideration of relations between the artist, spectator, and work of art, framing viewers within a participatory process rooted exclusively in the effects of colour.

'With a practice centred on the perceptual experience of art, his research repositioned colour as the primary force in guiding an artwork's visual response,' Ocula Advisory explains.

Cruz-Diez's rigorously theoretical approach to art making prompted him to view colour as a physical phenomenon that could be manipulated depending on both context and the viewer. His findings culminated in one of his most heralded series, 'Physichromie, which focused on creating the illusion of movement through the manipulation of light and colour.

'Physichromie' series

In 1959, Cruz-Diez began his heralded 'Physichromie' series, which turned into a life-long investigation into the idea of chromatic autonomy and the exploration of the physicality of colour.

A product of the experiments he had been conducting on the heightened effects of 'colour reflection' while in Paris—where he subsequently moved the following year—this series of work embodied Cruz-Diez's adoption of European modernism.

Drawing on George Seurat's pointillist technique and the colour theories of Josef Albers, works in this series, including Physichromie Panam 229 and Physichromie 2577, explore the physical effects of colour on the viewer, while encouraging the experience of colour transformation.

The works in the series are composed of thin, coloured bands that alternate between vertical strips of Plexiglass. Acting as a 'light trap', the surface's colour alters radically depending on the viewer's position, while the coloured bands appear to shift and vibrate.

The works in this series were included in many exhibitions of Op and Kinetic Art, including the landmark exhibition The Responsive Eye at New York's Museum of Modern Art in 1965.

Browse Artworks
Physichromie Panam 229 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork sculpture
Carlos Cruz-Diez Physichromie Panam 229, 2015 Chromography on aluminium, plastic inserts
50 x 75 x 4 cm
Dep Art Gallery Contact Gallery
Physichromie 1498 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork mixed media
Carlos Cruz-Diez Physichromie 1498, 2007 Chromography on aluminum and plastic inserts
100 x 100 cm
Dep Art Gallery Contact Gallery
Physichromie 1151 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork sculpture
Carlos Cruz-Diez Physichromie 1151, 1981 Silkscreen on aluminum and stainless steel inserts
70 x 70 cm
Dep Art Gallery Contact Gallery
Physichromie Panam 97 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork sculpture
Carlos Cruz-Diez Physichromie Panam 97, 2012 Cromography on aluminium
150 x 400 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Physichromie Panam 261 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork sculpture
Carlos Cruz-Diez Physichromie Panam 261, 2017 Cromography on aluminium and PVC
100 x 200 cm
On Hold
Galería RGR
Cromointerferencia Espacial 23 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork mixed media
Carlos Cruz-Diez Cromointerferencia Espacial 23, 1965-2015 Cromography on aluminium and elastic bands
150 x 150 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Cromointerferencia Espacial 27 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork sculpture
Carlos Cruz-Diez Cromointerferencia Espacial 27, 2015 Chromography on aluminium and elastic bands
150 x 150 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Cromointerferencia Espacial 21 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork mixed media
Carlos Cruz-Diez Cromointerferencia Espacial 21, 2015 Chromography on aluminium and elastic bands
100 x 150 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Physichromie Panam 241 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork sculpture
Carlos Cruz-Diez Physichromie Panam 241, 2015 Chromography on aluminium and PVC
100 x 100 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Physichromie Panam 296 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork mixed media
Carlos Cruz-Diez Physichromie Panam 296, 2018 Cromography on aluminium
100 x 100 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Color Aditivo Serie Darién by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork print
Carlos Cruz-Diez Color Aditivo Serie Darién, 2010 Chromography on aluminium
100 x 100 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Inducción Cromática a Doble Frecuencia Panam 12 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork print
Carlos Cruz-Diez Inducción Cromática a Doble Frecuencia Panam 12, 2011 Chromography on aluminium
120 x 120 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Color Aditivo Panam Círculos 5 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork print
Carlos Cruz-Diez Color Aditivo Panam Círculos 5, 2010 Cromography on aluminium
60 x 80 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Color Aditivo Panam 7 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork print
Carlos Cruz-Diez Color Aditivo Panam 7, 2010 Cromography on aluminium
60 x 80 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Color Aditivo Panam Círculos 1 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork print
Carlos Cruz-Diez Color Aditivo Panam Círculos 1, 2010 Cromography on aluminium
60 x 80 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Physichromie Panam 90 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork painting, sculpture
Carlos Cruz-Diez Physichromie Panam 90, 2012 Chromography on aluminium, PVC
50 x 50 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Physichromie Panam 180 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork painting, sculpture
Carlos Cruz-Diez Physichromie Panam 180, 2015 Cromography on aluminium, lvc
100 x 200 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Induccion Cromatica Jorge by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork mixed media
Carlos Cruz-Diez Induccion Cromatica Jorge, 2013 Cromography on aluminium, elastic bands
80 x 240 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Physichromie 1731 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork sculpture
Carlos Cruz-Diez Physichromie 1731, 2011 Chromography on aluminium and PVC
25 x 50 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Physichromie Panam 166 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork sculpture
Carlos Cruz-Diez Physichromie Panam 166, 2014 Chromography on aluminium
70 x 70 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Cromovela Taboga 2 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork works on paper, sculpture
Carlos Cruz-Diez Cromovela Taboga 2, 2018 Urethane paint on aluminium
122 x 32 x 40 cm
Galería RGR Contact Gallery
Induction Chromatique à double fréquence RVB 7 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork mixed media
Carlos Cruz-Diez Induction Chromatique à double fréquence RVB 7, 2014 Chromography on aluminium
91 x 91 cm
Almine Rech Contact Gallery
Induction Chromatique N°212 by Carlos Cruz-Diez contemporary artwork painting
Carlos Cruz-Diez Induction Chromatique N°212, 2016 Airbrush acrylic paint on aluminium
120 x 120 cm
Almine Rech Contact Gallery
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