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(1940 – 2021), USA

Chuck Close Biography

The late Chuck Close was a Photo-Realist artist who emerged in the late sixties with his very large precise portraits in sprayed acrylic black and white.

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Close's early work can be seen as part of an art historical backlash against Abstract Expressionism's subjectivity, while his later more scientific explorations in colour mixing, parallels the rise of Process and Op Art, and Pop Art with its love of shallow depth.

Early Years

Close went to the University of Washington, Seattle, in 1962 for a BA, but after getting a scholarship to Yale Summer School for Music and Art the previous year, he went there to complete an MFA in 1964. His classmates included Richard Serra, Brice Marden, Robert Mangold and Nancy Graves.

Photo- (or Neo) Realist Painter

Initially an emerging Photo- (or Neo) Realist painter and printmaker who used grids as part of his process of enlarging images from gridded-up photographs of his sitters (working on the cellular units in sequence), Close became widely admired for a versatile range of image types and technical methods, including optical chromatic blending, inventively using fingerprints instead of an air-gun or brush, skilled (but unflattering) skin-tone modulation, and even expressive organic mark-making that referred to the gridded distorting structures of Victor Vasarely.

The scale of Close's flickering 'pixelated' (or photographic) portraits meant that although they were obviously figurative, they were also abstract in structure and difficult to recognise, due to perceptual fragmentation caused by enforced close proximity to their various depths of field, and the spatial limitations caused by the architecture. Close up to the paint provided a very different optical experience to that of standing a long way back.

Reclining nudes

Close also made huge reclining nudes in black and white, rich in their spectacular detail of mottled skin and sagging flesh, but not with the psychological intensity of the symmetrical portraits with their confrontational steely gazes.

Catastrophic spinal seizure

In 1988 Close had a catastrophic spinal seizure that left him paralysed from the neck down, and for the rest of his life he was confined to a wheelchair. With a brush strapped to his arm he regained some movement, and with assistants, kept on working, his number of projects mostly undiminished.

Despite this formidable handicap, Close was known as a gregarious and sociable individual who in later years is said to have greatly enjoyed conversing with his sitters about art issues, its history, painting and drawing techniques and colourful personalities. The sitters mainly consisted of family, old university friends and other artists like Roy Lichtenstein or musicians like Philip Glass.

The assorted art historical dialogues were recorded in the studio and eventually published in a book: The portraits speak: Chuck Close in conversation with 27 of his subjects.


In December 2017, two women whom Close invited to pose for his nude paintings, complained publicly that he made lewd comments, and the next month four other women alleged he harassed them. The result was that some institutional surveys of work, such as one at the National Gallery of Art in Washington due that May, were cancelled.


Chuck Close's more recent solo exhibitions include Chuck Close: Selections from the Collections of Jordan D. Schnitzer and his Family Foundation, Pendleton Center for the Arts, Oregon (2017); Chuck Close: Fingerprint Painting & Drawings, 1978-1986, Craig F. Starr Gallery, New York (2016); Chuck Close: Red Yellow Blue, Pace Gallery, New York (2015); Chuck Close: Face Forward, From the Collections of Jordan D. Schnitzer and his Family Foundation, Frederick R. Weisman Museum of Art, Pepperdine University, Malibu, California (2015); Chuck Close: Tapestries, Blue Sky Gallery, Portland, Oregon (2013).

Close's more recent group exhibitions include Monochrome: Painting in Black and White, The National Gallery, London (2017); Photorealism: 50 Years of Hyperrealistic Painting, Tampa Museum of Art, Florida (2017); The American Dream: Pop to the Present, British Museum, London (2017); About Face: The Self-Portrait in Contemporary Art, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire (2015).

John Hurrell | Ocula | 2021

Exhibition view: Group Exhibition, Out To Lunch, Maddox Gallery, Los Angeles (1 November–17 December 2021). Courtesy Maddox Gallery.

Chuck Close Featured Artworks

Self-Portrait (Anamorphic) by Chuck Close contemporary artwork sculpture
Chuck CloseSelf-Portrait (Anamorphic), 2007Engraving with embossment on black Twinrocker handmade paper, polished stainless steel cylinder, and wooden platform
63.5 x 63.5 x 30 cm
Maddox Gallery Contact Gallery
Cecily by Chuck Close contemporary artwork painting
Chuck CloseCecily, 2013Oil on canvas
182.9 x 152.4 cm
Pace Gallery
Baby Jane by Chuck Close contemporary artwork painting
Chuck CloseBaby Jane, 2018–2019Oil on canvas
260.4 x 213.4 cm
Pace Gallery
A Couple of Ways of Doing Something by Chuck Close contemporary artwork photography
Chuck CloseA Couple of Ways of Doing Something, 2006A book of 20 portraits by Chuck Close with 20 poems by Bob Holman
16 1/2 x 13 x 2 1/2 inches
Beyer Projects Contact Gallery

Chuck Close Current & Recent Exhibitions

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Chuck Close Represented By

Beyer Projects contemporary art gallery in New York, USA Beyer Projects New York
Pace Gallery contemporary art gallery in 540 West 25th Street, New York, USA Pace Gallery Beijing, East Hampton, Geneva, Hong Kong, London, New York, Palm Beach, Palo Alto, Seoul
White Cube contemporary art gallery in Mason's Yard, London, United Kingdom White Cube Aspen, Hong Kong, London, New York, Paris

Chuck Close In Ocula Magazine

Chuck Close In Related Press

From Chuck Close to Sarah Sze, a Ride Through the Art of the Second Avenue Subway Related Press From Chuck Close to Sarah Sze, a Ride Through the Art of the Second Avenue Subway 5 January 2017, Hyperallergic

On New Year’s Day, there were two ways you could celebrate 2017 on either end of New York City’s Q train: take it all the way to Coney Island and go for a frigid swim with the Polar Bear Club or journ

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Art Underground: A First Look at the Second Avenue Subway Related Press Art Underground: A First Look at the Second Avenue Subway 20 December 2016, The New York Times

When a city has been waiting for a badly needed new subway line since 1929, public art is probably far down the list of expectations, well behind accommodations like a) working trains, b) lights and c

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The mysterious metamorphosis of Chuck Close Related Press The mysterious metamorphosis of Chuck Close 13 July 2016, The New York Times

A couple of weeks ago, I went to visit Chuck Close at his beach house on Long Island. The drive there always reminds me of an escape to the Hamptons in reverse. From the aristocratic brownstones of Park Slope, you work your way steadily down the socioeconomic ladder, past the towering Soviet-­style apartment complexes of Coney Island, through...

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The Magic Of Chuck Close'S Prints At Mca, Sydney - Review Related Press The Magic Of Chuck Close'S Prints At Mca, Sydney - Review 7 December 2014, Nicholas Forrest for Blouin ArtInfo / 28 November 2014

American artist Chuck Close’s singular artistic vision is not something that can be taught, or for that matter explained. In fact, walking through the Sydney Museum of Contemporary Art’s (MCA) “Chuck Close: Prints, Process and Collaboration,” there is a strong sense that Close sees the world differently to everyone else...

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