Best known for his realistic and humanising paintings of everyday people in politically complex places, Beijing-based painter Liu Xiaodong (刘小东) is considered a representative of China's 'New Generation' of artists, along with his wife, the figurative painter Yu Hong.Read More
Born in Jincheng 1963, Liu graduated from The Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA) in Beijing with a BFA in 1988 and an MFA in 1995. His realistic style is influenced by his training in Socialist Realism at CAFA, a government-prescribed movement that focused on the conditions of the workers and was closely associated with the values of the Chinese Communist Party. Rejecting the propagandistic connotations of the genre, Liu retained the disciplined, formalist teachings to explore the idiosyncrasies of contemporary life in China and beyond.
Liu currently still lives and works in Beijing, where he now teaches painting at CAFA.
Liu Xiadong's art is concerned with those left behind by modernisation and globalisation. In his large-scale paintings, the artist goes to great lengths, painting on location, to record the type of ordinary people not historically represented in oil paintings.
One of Liu Xiaodong's most well-known paintings, Out of Beichuan (2010), depicts seven young women among a shambled Sichuan landscape that had been hit by a devastating earthquake two years prior. With a conscientious attention to their humanity, the women are rendered with careful, distinctive features, while the hills and piles of rubble behind them are painted with chunky, staccato strokes.
His artworks are at once both realistic and inventive, with form being rendered through thick, impasto applications of oil paint. The later double-portrait Xiaojun and Xiuling (2015) depicts two figures in pink, fleshy paint, while the impervious highway and sky behind them are rendered in dull greys, contrasting vibrant life with impartial infrastructure.
As an example of Liu Xiaodong's ethos of representation, his 2012 'Hotan Project' series depicted scenes from the jade mining region of Xinjiang Province. In conversation with Ocula Magazine in 2016, Liu said, 'I only go into other people's lives to experience them. ... I don't want to summarise; I don't want to make a political stance. I want to just faithfully reproduce other people's lives.'
Other works have depicted populations displaced by the Three Gorges Dam in the Yangtze River, Israeli-Palestinian conflict zones, South African landscapes, tableaux from Tibet, Bangladeshi steel workers, the private lives of sex workers and farmers, Syrian refugees in Turkey and Greece, and the heavily secured and monitored US-Mexico border.
Liu Xiaodong's approach to contemporary art is something of a nomadic, anthropological one. Adopting the methodology of the 'plein-air' painters of yesteryear, Liu sets up his easel on location to depict his subjects in their own environments. Domestic spaces, restaurants, pool halls, industrial sites and fields make up a few of the settings for his loosely painted portraits. Liu has described his modest methodology in four steps: 'Take some scaffolding; cover it in canvas to create a 10-square-metre pavilion. Paint inside, and when finished, take it apart. This is my studio.'
Branching out from traditional methods of painting, in 2016, Liu presented Weight of Insomnia at Chronus Art Center in Shanghai: a mechanised installation in which robotic arms rendered images fed from distant security cameras in blue paint in the gallery. These cameras were positioned near the Bund in Shanghai, the Apple Store in Beijing's Sanlitun area and a public plaza in the artist's hometown in Liaoning Province. Removing his own hand from the work, Liu explored technology's rendering of time. As he relayed to Ocula Magazine, he 'wanted to show people the painting process, which is full of surprises. It can even be considered a performing art. It's very humorous and lively.'
Weight of Insomnia was not the artist's first experimentation with the moving image; his practice has always had close ties to film. In 2006, Chinese director Jia Zhangke shot the documentary Dong, which followed Liu as he painted male labourers near the Three Gorges Dam in Fengjie, China, and later, young women in Bangkok, Thailand. Lingering on the marginalised people in both locales, Jia's film functioned less as a portrait of the painter and more as a considerate portrayal of his disenfranchised subjects.
Liu also starred in Wang Xiaoshuai's directorial debut The Days (1993), acted as art director for Zhang Yuan's Beijing Bastards (1993) and was the subject of Hou Hsiao-Hsien's 2010 documentary Hometown Boy, which followed the artist as he returned to his rural hometown to paint his family and friends.
Liu Xiaodong's Instagram can be found here.
Elliat Albrecht | Ocula | 2022