We can imagine Zhang Xuerui's paintings as building facades, with equal squares dividing the entire canvas. These squares are parallel to the frame, positing a geometric certainty. The dynamic of the painting comes from its colours—in most cases, each square of colour is linked to its neighbour by an almost imperceptible colour gradient, making the overall rhythm appear soft and unhurried. The interval shifts in colour achieve spatial depth in the picture, but the story within each window is concealed, like flickering lights of varying tone faintly shining through the curtains, while we can never know exactly what is unfolding behind the curtains. They tell a story through non-representational methods, or more precisely, they correspond to a stream-of-consciousness monologue.
'I hope to manifest in my paintings intimate relationships that are hard to realise in real life, like the kind of intimate relationship I have with colours.' 1 She has not pulled herself or us to the metaphysical level, but has instead stressed the parallel nature of reality through logicalised production. 'The picture is 'close,' while the theme is 'distant'.' 2 This is like when you turn on the car stereo, and get into the melody of a song, becoming isolated from the swarm of traffic around you, or even the entire urban environment, your consciousness flowing within that sense of time altered by the melody. For Zhang Xuerui, the squares are elements constructing her abstract melody. She has transplanted her emotions onto these squares, steadily realising that intimate relationship. Here there are none of the drastic undulations or perturbations of reality; anxiety and fear have been transformed. The stronger her intimacy with the colors, the more isolated she becomes from reality.
As far back as the 1920s, Le Corbusier and his friends were saying that a painting is a formula. 3 This can help us further understand Zhang Xuerui's creative method. She begins by selecting the 'three primary colour' of that painting, three colour fields, and places them 'in three corners of the canvas, which I call A, B and C. If there are ten squares between A and B, then each square is a different ratio of mixture between the colours A and B, forming a gradual color transition. The progression of the colors setting out from these three corners to the fourth corner is unpredictable. The colour that ends up in the fourth corner is entirely an 'accident.'' 4 You can get a sense of how her painting process is like a meticulous computation, with the outcome of the fourth corner being calculated virtually one step at a time. It is an 'accident' in that textures, emotions or hidden desires form active factors that follow along the entire creative progression, until the fourth corner redeems the sensational undercurrents. When this colour field emerges, it implies a certain harmony.
Gazing at these pictures, I sometimes suspect that she has intentionally put off the arrival at the final outcome. Under the supposition of the three primary colours, the colours are constantly combined, implying that she spends much time in phases of gray, patiently labouring and circling back. Like a woman of the ancient world absorbed in her weaving, Zhang quietly enjoys and magnifies this method that is at once for passing and resisting the passage of time. The completed works show no traces of being covered over day after day, but are instead juxtaposed as still frames, as if the traces of the passage of each needle, each thread, are presented in their entirety, demanding close rumination.
In her most recent works, she has changed the excessively slow progression of before, a shift that appears in the picture as relatively strong contrasts in colour from one field to the next, or even within a cluster of colour fields, in something like a high note suddenly bursting out of a musical movement, creating a floating effect and highlighting the sense of motion in the picture. But her basic methodology has not changed. The visual precision brought about by the contrast, and the overall elegance and harmony, still stand as the distinctive markers of her personality. Her three primary colours can be seen as three buoys that give her a cross section of the river of time. Even that unpredictable fourth corner merely implies a single square in the picture; it won't flow out of bounds or turn against the existing structure It is called ending, but it has actually taken part in the entire flow, an equal element and component of the process, which is why when Zhang Xuerui completes a painting, she can change the orientation in which the painting is hung.
Zhang Xuerui (born in 1979 in Shanxi, China) currently lives and works in Beijing, China. She graduated from Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing in 2004. Her recent solo exhibitions include: The Everyday as Ontology, Galerie Urs Meile, Lucerne, Switzerland (2019); The God of Small Things, Art Basel Miami Beach-Kabinett, Miami, USA (2018); Colours in A Breeze: Zhang Xuerui Solo Exhibition, Leo Gallery, Hong Kong, China (2017); Zhang Xuerui: Recent Works, Ginkgo Space, Beijing, China (2017). Recent group shows include: You Are a Goddess, You Are a Demon, Boxes Art Space, Shenzhen, China (2019); Letters from Beijing, Gwangju Museum of Art, Gwangju, Korea (2019); The Exhibition of Annual of Contemporary Art of China 2017, Minsheng Art Museum, Beijing, China (2018); Encounter Asia—Multi-vision of Youth Art, the Museum of Sichuan Fine Arts Institute, Chongqing, China (2018); Nonfigurative, Shanghai 21th Century Minsheng Art Museum, Shanghai, China (2015); Negotiations – The 2nd Today's Documents 2010, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China (2010). She participated in Artist in Residence program "Kulturkontaka Austria" in Vienna in 2015. Her works have been collected by public collections including White Rabbit Gallery and Cruthers Art Foundation.
1 Zhang Xuerui Interview: 'Clouds on the Edge of the Sky' (Tian Bian Yi Duo Yun), Cao Siyu, Hi Art, October 24, 2015.
3 Arsén Pohribný, Abstract Painting, Wang Duanting, trans., Gold Wall Press, 2013.
4 Zhang Xuerui interview.
Press release courtesy Galerie Urs Meile. Text: Zhu Zhu.
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