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(1928 – 1994), USA

Donald Judd Biography

Donald Judd was a highly regarded American sculptor and critic. Born in Missouri, he moved to New York where he studied painting at the Art Students League of New York before completing his graduate studies in philosophy and art history at Columbia University. Through his art practice and writing, he significantly influenced the course of late-20th-century sculpture and although he strongly rejected the term, he became an important figure of the Minimalist art movement.

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Arguably one of the most well-known American post-war artists, Judd today is best recognised for his Plexiglas, metal, and wood rectangular and square boxes. However, he initially began his art practice as an abstract painter. He soon transitioned to sculptural work, culminating in his 'stacks'—sets of rectangular cubes that protrude from the wall in vertical columns hung evenly from floor to ceiling. Untitled (90-7 Bernstein) is one such work, comprised of ten boxes of red anodized aluminum and transparent Plexiglas. Made of industrial materials, Judd's 'stacks' demonstrate his foundational interest in the formal properties of colour, material, form, and space.

Pertinent to Judd's practice was a consideration of how a sculpture could exist in a space and how viewers could navigate around it. This interest in spatial dynamics extended to an innovative architecture and design practice. In the late 1960s he designed small shelters in Baja California that would influence his later designs for buildings in Marfa and Europe. In the 1970s he also began designing furniture for his various residences. Pieces such as Corner Chair 15 make clear that the artist brought the angularity and refined craftsmanship of his sculptures to the other spheres of his practice as well.

Judd described his own works as 'the simple expression of complex thought.' Such complex thought was also manifested in the essays that the artist would produce throughout his life. A seminal text still widely referenced today, his 'Specific Objects' essay was published in Arts Yearbook 8 in 1965. It proposed a painting-sculpture hybrid that reflected his own development in thinking about the two media as well the similar process of conceptual expansion that was contemporaneously occurring for his peers.

Judd's first museum survey took place in 1968 at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, and he has since been the subject of numerous institutional exhibitions, including a major survey at Tate Modern, London, in 2004. His artwork is held in many major collections, including at Tate; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; Solomon R Guggenheim Museum, New York; The Museum of Modern Art, New York; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC; and the Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago.

In 1968 Judd moved to Marfa, Texas, where he purchased a five-storey home and studio. Over time he acquired for the building a range of permanent installations of his work and the work of colleagues such as Dan Flavin. This home is now part of the multi-building museum The Chinati Foundation. The Judd Foundation maintains and preserves the artist's other living and working spaces, libraries, and archives, both in Marfa and in New York.

Ocula | 2019

Donald Judd, untitled (1980). Plywood. 12 x 80 x 4 feet / 3.7 x 24.4 x 1.2 m. © 2020 Judd Foundation/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Courtesy Gagosian. Photo: Rob McKeever.

Donald Judd Featured Artworks

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Untitled by Donald Judd contemporary artwork
Donald JuddUntitled, 1969Stainless steel and grey acrylic sheet
15.6 x 68.9 x 61 cm
Lévy Gorvy Enquire about this work
Untitled (Treitel-Gratz 78-4) by Donald Judd contemporary artwork
Donald JuddUntitled (Treitel-Gratz 78-4), 1978Brass and anodized aluminum
12.7 x 189.8 x 13.3 cm
Kukje Gallery Enquire about this work
Untitled by Donald Judd contemporary artwork
Donald JuddUntitled, 1974Sculpture
David Zwirner
Untitled, 91-7 Ballantine by Donald Judd contemporary artwork
Donald JuddUntitled, 91-7 Ballantine, 1991Douglas Fir plywood
100 x 100 x 50 cm
Galerie Greta Meert Enquire about this work
Untitled by Donald Judd contemporary artwork
Donald JuddUntitled, 1964Copper and blue lacquer on galvanized iron
15.2 x 68.6 x 61 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire about this work
Untitled by Donald Judd contemporary artwork
Donald JuddUntitled, 1990Woodcut on Japanese wove paper
60 x 80 cm
Galerie nächst St. Stephan Rosemarie Schwarzwälder Enquire about this work
Bookshelf #60 by Donald Judd contemporary artwork
Donald JuddBookshelf #60Painted metal
100 x 100 x 50 cm
Almine Rech Enquire about this work
Working Papers: Donald Judd Drawings by Donald Judd contemporary artwork
Donald JuddWorking Papers: Donald Judd Drawings, 1963-1993Installation view, Sprüth Magers London
Sprüth Magers Enquire about this work

Donald Judd Current & Recent Exhibitions

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Contemporary art exhibition, Donald Judd, Artwork: 1980 at Gagosian, New York
Open Now
12 March–11 July 2020 Donald Judd Artwork: 1980 GagosianWest 21st Street, New York
Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, Lìxià at David Zwirner, Hong Kong
Closed
5 May–5 June 2020 Group Exhibition Lìxià David ZwirnerHong Kong
Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, Miami Online | Online Viewing Room at David Zwirner, New York
Closed
2–8 December 2019 Group Exhibition Miami Online | Online Viewing Room David ZwirnerOnline Only

Donald Judd Represented By

David Zwirner contemporary art gallery in 19th Street, New York, USA David Zwirner New York, London, Paris, Hong Kong
Kukje Gallery contemporary art gallery in Seoul, South Korea Kukje Gallery Busan, Seoul
Sprüth Magers contemporary art gallery in Berlin, Germany Sprüth Magers Berlin, London, Los Angeles

Donald Judd In Ocula Magazine

How Auction Houses are Approaching Their Crucial Summer Sales Ocula News How Auction Houses are Approaching Their Crucial Summer Sales New York, 25 June 2020

Sotheby's, Christie's, Phillips and Bonham's have changed what they're selling and how they're selling it for major auctions taking place over the next two weeks.

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What Sold for Over $1 Million at Art Basel Online? Ocula News What Sold for Over $1 Million at Art Basel Online? London, 23 June 2020

Prices didn't reach the heights of the physical fair in 2019, but over a dozen works exceeded the million dollar mark.

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Galleries Augment Basel Online With Clicks-and-Mortar Exhibitions Ocula News Galleries Augment Basel Online With Clicks-and-Mortar Exhibitions Berlin, 16 June 2020

In Berlin, where the pandemic permits, digital viewing rooms are being remade offline. Elsewhere, galleries are mounting ever richer online presentations.

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Donald Judd In Related Press

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Brutalist sculpture is the star act at this exhibition in Brussels Related Press Brutalist sculpture is the star act at this exhibition in Brussels 10 May 2018, Wallpaper*

'I have a strong credo that an exhibition must embody real objects,' says curator Matthieu Poirier prefacing a walkthrough of The Brutal Play, in which works from Carl Andre, Donald Judd and Robert Morris occupy the Fondation CAB in Brussels. 'These objects remind the viewers of their own bodies.'

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Donald Judd and Kazimir Malevich square off at Galerie Gmurzynska’s new Zurich space Related Press Donald Judd and Kazimir Malevich square off at Galerie Gmurzynska’s new Zurich space 26 June 2017, Wallpaper*

In 1994, Donald Judd was preparing for The Moscow Installation, an exhibition with Kazimir Malevich that would be the first to align the work of the two titans of 20th-century art. 'I would love it but what would Malevich say?' Judd had said when Galerie Gmurzynska had proposed the idea. Sadly, Judd passed away before the exhibition opened and...

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Turns out the American Dream is more of a nightmare Related Press Turns out the American Dream is more of a nightmare 23 March 2017, Apollo Magazine

The entrance hall to the Sainsbury Exhibitions Gallery at the British Museum is blood-red, and covered in Andy Warhol's psychedelic screenprints of Marilyn Monroe's face. It's a punchy start to the exhibition, The American Dream: Pop to the Present.

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Artist’s toolbox: Donald Judd’s writings reveal a whole new layer of meaning to his work Related Press Artist’s toolbox: Donald Judd’s writings reveal a whole new layer of meaning to his work 8 February 2017, Wallpaper*

During his lifetime, Donald Judd (1928–1994) compiled four major collections of his writings. These volumes, which include his gallery reviews, book reviews, essays, articles, statements and reports have until now been considered the artist's written work in its entirety. But a new collection, Donald Judd Writings, containing previously...

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Donald Judd In Video & Audio

Episode 14 | Eileen Myles and Flavin Judd Related Video & Audio Episode 14 | Eileen Myles and Flavin Judd 6 December 2019, David Zwirner

When Donald Judd moved to the desert town of Marfa, in the 1970s, it was ranch country—and offered limitless space to work. In recent years, before it became an oasis of Instagram clout, Eileen Myles bought what they say is 'the last cheap house in Marfa.'

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A Luta Continua. The Sylvio Perlstein Collection Related Video & Audio A Luta Continua. The Sylvio Perlstein Collection 8 May 2018, Hauser & Wirth

Unfolding across all three floors of Hauser & Wirth New York, 22 nd Street, A Luta Continua is the first United States presentation of the Sylvio Perlstein Collection. Curated by David Rosenberg, the exhibition presents more than 360 works by some 250 artists. Among these are Josef Albers, Carl Andre, Diane Arbus, Hans Bellmer, André...

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