Sundaram Tagore New York presents sculpture, photography and video installations that explore issues of female identity in contemporary life by acclaimed Bangladeshi artist Tayeba Begum Lipi.
Although Lipi's practice has always been rooted in themes of female marginality and the female body, the work in this show offers more of an autobiographical perspective, as the artist considers transitions in her own life as a source of inspiration. 'The series of work I'm doing these days are related to the memory line,' she says. 'I am completing one chapter of my life and moving to a new chapter and ageing is one part of that.'
Based in Dhaka, Lipi's multidisciplinary practice includes painting, prints, videos and installations, but she is perhaps best known for her sculptural works that re-create everyday objects, including irons, bathtubs, strollers, handbags, and sewing machines, all made from safety pins or stainless steel razor blades. Her provocative choice of material speaks to the violence facing women in Bangladesh and to her experiences growing up as the eleventh of twelve children, where she was often present for the home births of nieces and nephews delivered with the help of a local village woman and the most readily available tool: a razor blade.
For this exhibition, Lipi is showing recent razor blade sculptures, including a selection of women's wardrobe accessories, ranging from shoes to undergarments. With this body of work Lipi explores the commodification of art, but here she takes the idea further by addressing the paradox of subversive art created by women that speaks directly to issues of female identity, yet is ultimately absorbed into the patriarchal structure of the art world.
These works are wryly presented in a 'boutique' setting, complete with hangers, garment rack and display stands, transforming the gallery space into a literal shop, where the artist invites viewers to browse the work in a conventional retail environment.
Also on view is an installation that was shown at the Shanghai Modern Art Museum last year. Story of A Girl captures the brevity of life in ten images. In a series of staged photographs of Lipi, taken by French artist Awena Cozzanet in 2003, we see her through the various stages of life, from the carefree days of youth to the unknowns of marriage and eventually death. The images are presented in altar-like wooden frames designed by the artist and fabricated by local carpenters.
Other photographic works include the series that inspired the title of the show This is What I Look(ed) Like. Set inside mounted light boxes are an assortment of self-portraits of the artist from 2004 juxtaposed against current images where she is posing in a similar manner. Viewed side-by-side, these images express the pain of growing older—a universal experience, but one that is especially profound for women, as the manifestation of fading beauty become a reality.
Additionally, Lipi will be showing several video installations, including Unveiling Womanhood, a single-channel video projection in which the artist, wearing a hijab made of stainless steel razor blades, slowly and methodically removes small white crystals that conceal her face. The video was inspired by a growing trend in Bangladesh of women covering their heads in public, something that is not traditionally part of Bengali culture and is perhaps being appropriated as a form of fashion rather then an expression of religious observance.
Of her sculpture The Mirror, one of her razor blade works in which two female figures face each other, Lipi says: 'When I see things through my heart, when I have a conversation with another woman or when I listen to someone's stories, I sometimes find the reflection of my own mind in that mind. We are as different as we live our lives, but we always find some similar issues or stories that are never spoken out ever.'
This sentiment succinctly captures the true nature of Lipi's art. Since first appearing on the global stage in 2011 as the commissioner for the first Bangladeshi pavilion at the 54th Venice Biennale, Lipi has often been referred to as a feminist artist who creates politically charged work addressing societal contradictions. But the work in this show beautifully expresses the driving force of her practice, which is to create a space for constructive conversation, to reveal truths and discover common ground.
Tayeba Begum Lipi completed a Master of Fine Arts in Drawing and Painting at the Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Dhaka in 1993. She was an artist-in-residence at the Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, in 2000. In 2003, Lipi was awarded a Grand Prize at the 11th Asian Art Biennale Bangladesh. She was the commissioner for the Pavilion of Bangladesh at the 54th Venice Biennale in 2011, and was one of the curators for the Kathmandu International Art Festival in 2012.
Lipi has exhibited across the globe at venues such as the Shanghai Modern Art Museum, China; Museum Arnhem, Netherlands; the Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum at Michigan State University, Michigan; and the Taiwan National Museum of Fine Art, Taiwan. She participated in the 14th Jakarta Biennale in 2011; the 2012 Colombo Art Biennale, Sri Lanka; and the 2012 Dhaka Art Summit. In 2015, Lipi's work featured prominently in Frontiers Reimagined, a Collateral Event of the 56th Venice Biennale.
Lipi's work is in the collections of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts; LO-FTF Council, Denmark; Sherman Contemporary Art Foundation, Sydney; Bengal Foundation, Dhaka; the National Art Gallery of Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy, Segunbagicha; Samdani Art Foundation, Bangladesh; Devi Art Foundation, Gurugram, Haryana; Floodlight Foundation, New Delhi; JSW Foundation and the Harmony Art Foundation/Reliance Group, Mumbai, India.
Lipi is an activist as well as an artist. Together with her husband, artist Mahbubur Rahman, she founded the Britto Arts Trust in 2002, an organisation dedicated to creating opportunities for other Bangladeshi artists through exhibitions, seminars, residencies and workshops.
Tayeba Begum Lipi lives and works in Dhaka.
Press release courtesy Sundaram Tagore Gallery.