b. 1950, USA

Jenny Holzer Artworks

Holzer works with both her own and existing texts from diverse sources, which are displayed in media ranging from posters and canvas to stone benches, LED signs, buildings, and landscapes.

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Text-based Works

Holzer's use of text in her iconic 'Truisms' series (1977–1979) was partly motivated by the reading list at the Whitney Museum of American Art's Independent Study Program, in which she participated in 1976. Consisting of maxims, 'Truisms' offers different voices on life, from light-hearted and whimsical to provocative and contradictory, such as 'CHILDREN ARE THE HOPE OF THE FUTURE' and 'CHILDREN ARE THE CRUELEST OF ALL'.

Along with 'Inflammatory Essays' (1979–1982), Holzer's second text-based series about concerns such as power relations, social control, and sexuality, Truisms initially appeared as anonymous posters put up throughout the streets of New York.

Rise to Recognition

Holzer first began to gain critical attention in Europe in the early 1980s, when American artist Dan Graham—who had seen her 'Truisms' posters in New York—introduced her to German curator Kasper König. Following her participation in documenta 7 in 1982, Holzer held solo exhibitions at institutions and galleries such as Kunsthalle Basel (1984) and Monika Sprüth Galerie in Cologne (1986).

Some of the artist's most well-known projects debuted in Europe, notably the projection of the words 'I SMELL YOU ON MY SKIN' on the bank of the Arno—a historically and culturally significant site in Florence—in 1996.

Between 1989 and 1990, Holzer held a series of significant solo exhibitions in the United States and abroad. In 1989, she presented Laments (1989) at Dia Chelsea. It consisted of 13 sarcophagi inscribed with words by different individuals who were approaching death, and electronic signs.

In the following year, she became the first female artist to represent the United States at the Venice Biennale and won the Golden Lion for best pavilion. Among the works she showed was Mother and Child (1990): a series of 12 LED signs reflecting on her personal experiences as a mother.

New Materials

Some of the artist's most well-known projects debuted in Europe, notably the projection of the words 'I SMELL YOU ON MY SKIN' on the bank of the Arno—a historically and culturally significant site in Florence—in 1996.

In the 1980s, Holzer also expanded her writings and choice of media. The 'Living' series (1980–1982), which appears on aluminium or bronze plaques, addresses everyday life, from the banal activities of eating and sleeping to relationships. In 1982 'Truisms' featured on the Spectacolor sign in New York's Times Square, prompting the artist to further experiment with LED signs and light projections. Other new materials in Holzer's practice included stone, inspired by the change of scenery when she left New York for the countryside in 1985.

Redaction Paintings

Since 2001, Holzer has drawn text from poetry, literature, and government papers to examine social and political tensions in the contemporary world. The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are her primary concern in her painting series that reproduces declassified military documents by screen-printing or hand. In these paintings, the redactions are mostly in black, although Holzer sometimes adds colour to create semi-abstractions that recall works by artists such as Mark Rothko and Kazimir Malevich.

At her solo exhibition Softer (2017) at Blenheim Palace, the artist juxtaposed her 'Redaction Paintings' and LED signs presenting testimonies by war veterans of the United Kingdom with the palace's historical portraits and paintings to confront the underside of wars glorified in the past and present.

Climate Change

In 2021, Holzer voiced her concerns about climate change in HURT EARTH (2021), a projection of quotes about the emergency onto the brick chimney at Tate Modern in London. The quotations, collected by the artist, are from environmental activists, leaders, and allies from around the world, including Greta Thunberg and Hilda Flvia Nakabuye. The work was later shown in Edinburgh and Glasgow, the latter of which hosted COP26.

Browse Artworks
BRUISE by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Jenny Holzer BRUISE, 2022 24k gold, moon gold and red leaf and oil on linen
147.3 x 111.8 x 3.8 cm
Sprüth Magers Enquire
World War III by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Jenny Holzer World War III, 2022 Caplain gold and moon gold leaf and oil on linen
259.7 x 200.7 x 3.8 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
January6 by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Jenny Holzer January6, 2022 Caplain gold and moon gold leaf and oil on linen
259.7 x 200.7 x 3.8 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
Cursed (detail) by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork sculpture
Jenny Holzer Cursed (detail), 2022 Stamped lead and copper with precious metal plating, patinas and pigments, 296 elements
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
Cursed (detail) by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork sculpture
Jenny Holzer Cursed (detail), 2022 Stamped lead and copper with precious metal plating, patinas and pigments, 296 elements
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
Cursed (detail) by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork sculpture
Jenny Holzer Cursed (detail), 2022 Stamped lead and copper with precious metal plating, patinas and pigments, 296 elements
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
Cursed (detail) by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork sculpture
Jenny Holzer Cursed (detail), 2022 Stamped lead and copper with precious metal plating, patinas and pigments, 296 elements
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
A dangerous world by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting
Jenny Holzer A dangerous world, 2022 24k gold, Caplain gold, moon gold and platinum leaf and oil on linen
61 x 46.2 x 3.8 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
keyhole of history by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting
Jenny Holzer keyhole of history, 2022 24k gold and moon gold leaf and oil on linen
147.3 x 111.8 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
KUSHNER, FLYNN and KISLYAK met by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Jenny Holzer KUSHNER, FLYNN and KISLYAK met, 2022 Caplain gold and moon gold leaf and oil on linen
259.7 x 200.7 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
PATRIOT 9 by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, sculpture
Jenny Holzer PATRIOT 9, 2022 24k gold and antique gold leaf and oil on linen
259.7 x 200.7 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
Attribution is a Bear by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting, works on paper
Jenny Holzer Attribution is a Bear, 2018-22 24K gold leaf, hand-colored kozo paper and oil on linen
147.3 x 111.8 x 3.8 cm
Tina Kim Gallery Contact Gallery
Bannon first met Trump by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting, works on paper
Jenny Holzer Bannon first met Trump, 2021 U.S. government document, 24k gold, platinum and red gold leaf and oil on linen
259.7 x 200.7 x 3.8 cm
Sprüth Magers Enquire
President’s Daily Brief by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork mixed media
Jenny Holzer President’s Daily Brief, 2021 24k gold, platinum and red gold leaf and oil on linen
203.2 x 157.5 x 3.8 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
Selection from Truisms: Action causes... by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork sculpture
Jenny Holzer Selection from Truisms: Action causes..., 2015 Text: Truisms, 1977–79; Dark Labradorite footstool
43.2 x 63.5 x 40.6 cm
Sprüth Magers Enquire
CIA: by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, drawing
Jenny Holzer CIA:, 2016 Graphite and watercolour on vellum
60.3 x 45.7 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
TOP SECRET SLASH by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting, mixed media
Jenny Holzer TOP SECRET SLASH, 2021 Moon gold and red gold leaf and oil on linen
203.2 x 157.5 x 3.8 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
Survival: Protect me... by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork sculpture
Jenny Holzer Survival: Protect me..., 2018 Dark Labradorite bench
43.2 x 116.8 x 50.8 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
Russian Government's efforts by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, drawing
Jenny Holzer Russian Government's efforts, 2020 Graphite and watercolour on paper
90.8 x 69.2 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
connection to Assange by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting, works on paper, drawing
Jenny Holzer connection to Assange, 2020 Graphite and watercolour on paper
90.8 x 69.2 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
HEAP by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork sculpture
Jenny Holzer HEAP, 2012 Array of 7 LED signs with stainless steel housing: 3 with blue and red diodes on front, amber and green diodes on back; 4 with blue and red diodes on front, amber and blue diodes on back
266.2 x 241.3 x 241.3 cm
Sprüth Magers Enquire
Page 99 by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting
Jenny Holzer Page 99, 2019 24k gold leaf and oil on linen
147.3 x 111.8 x 3.8 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
THOUGHT by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork sculpture
Jenny Holzer THOUGHT, 2019 Curved Versilys Gold marble bench
43.2 x 106 x 45.7 cm
Hauser & Wirth Enquire
Page 11 Text: U.S. government document, 2016 by Jenny Holzer contemporary artwork painting
Jenny Holzer Page 11 Text: U.S. government document, 2016, 2016 Oil on linen
203.2 x 157.5 x 3.8 cm
Sprüth Magers Enquire
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