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58th Venice Biennale: May You Live In Interesting Times Ocula Report 58th Venice Biennale: May You Live In Interesting Times 24 May 2019 : Mohammad Salemy for Ocula

The 58th Venice Biennale, May You Live In Interesting Times (11 May–24 November 2019), certainly benefitted from low expectations, given the lacklustre curatorial of the previous edition, when different segments of the show were conceptually framed with titles like 'Pavilion of Joys and Fears' and 'Pavilion of Colours'. Add to this the...

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Zheng Bo Ocula Conversation Zheng Bo

Hong Kong-based artist Zheng Bo's social, ecological, and community-engaged art practice has, in recent years, focused on moving beyond a human-centred perspective to an all-inclusive, multi-species approach. He takes up marginalised plants and communities of people as subjects in his large-scale interventions, which reintroduce wildness into...

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Auckland Art Fair 2019: Conversations Extended Ocula Report Auckland Art Fair 2019: Conversations Extended 24 May 2019 : Sherry Paik for Ocula

The weather was clement for the annual Auckland Art Fair (2–5 May 2019), which was again at The Cloud on Queens Wharf. This year's edition was a get-together of 41 galleries, mostly from around Auckland and across New Zealand, with 5 spaces hailing from Sydney and the rest from Cook Islands (Bergman Gallery), Hobart (Michael Bugelli Gallery),...

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Julio Le Parc

b. 1928, Argentina

Julio Le Parc (b. 1928, Mendoza, Argentina) lives and works in Paris, France. Le Parc attended the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Buenos Aires in 1943 where he became interested in Arte Concreto-Invencion and the Spaziliasmo movement. In 1958, Le Parc went to Paris on a French government scholarship and settled there working on works of art related to research into three dimensions, movement and light as it pertains to the kinetic arts. Victor Vasarely's 1958 exhibition in Buenos Aires became an important catalyst for Le Parc's career, while in Paris Le Parc pursued collaborative work with fellow artist friends of Vasarely and studied the writings of Mondrian, evolving his practice to reflect on the tradition of Constructivism. Le Parc represented Argentina at the 1966 Venice Biennale, he won the Grand International Prize for Painting as an individual artist. Le Parc had begun working on two-dimensional compositions in colour and black and white as early as 1953, while he was still an art teacher in Buenos Aires. From 1960, however, he began to develop a series of distinctive works that made use of 'skimming' light: these objects, usually constructed with a lateral source of white light which was reflected and broken up by polished metal surfaces, combined a high degree of intensity with a subtle expression of continuous movement.

Celebrated for what he calls 'disturbances in the artistic system,' Julio Le Parc is among the progenitors of the Op Art, or Kinetic Art, movement, who posits a utopian vision for art and society through his perceptually illusory paintings, sculptures, and immersive installations. As co-founder of the Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel (Visual Art Research Group) (1960–68), he worked to break down the boundaries between art and the viewer. In his words: 'I have tried [...] to elicit a different type of behavior from the viewer [...] to seek, together with the public, various means of fighting off passivity, dependency or ideological conditioning, by developing reflective, comparative, analytical, creative or active capacities.' Parc accomplishes this through colour, line, light, shadow, and movement, composed to make still forms seem to move, solid structures seem to dematerialise, and light itself seem plastic.

Le Parc's works have been the subject of numerous solo shows in Europe and Latin America, including Instituto di Tella (Buenos Aires), Museo de Arte Moderno (Caracas), Palacio de Bellas Artes (Mexico), Casa de las Americas (Havana), Moderna Museet (Stockholm), Daros (Zürich), Städtische Kunsthalle (Düsseldorf). Le Parc's works have also been included in numerous group exhibitions and biennials, including MoMA's controversial exhibition The Responsive Eye (1965), the Venice Biennale in 1966 (where he was awarded the Prize), and the São Paulo Biennial (1967). As acts of protest against the repressive military regime in Brazil, he joined artists in boycotting the 1969 São Paulo Biennial and published an alternative Contrabienal catalogue in 1971. Le Parc's later collective works included participation in anti-fascist movements in Chile, El Salvador and Nicaragua. Recently, he has been the subject of major retrospectives including Julio Le Parc (Serpentine Gallery, London, UK, 2014); Soleil froid (Palais de Tokyo, Paris, France); Le Parc lumière (Casa Daros, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2013; MALBA, Bueno Aires, Argentina, 2014); A constant quest (Galeria Nara Roesler, São Paulo, Brazil, 2013); and included in the group exhibition Dynamo (Grand Palais, Paris, France, 2013).

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Featured Artworks

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Sphère Miroir Noir by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork Julio Le ParcSphère Miroir Noir, 2018 Plexiglass, steel cable, nylon and wood
198 x 153 x 153 cm
Galeria Nara Roesler
Continuel-lumière-cylindre by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork Julio Le ParcContinuel-lumière-cylindre, 1962-2012 Wood, steel, lamps
Perrotin
Alchimie 391 by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork Julio Le ParcAlchimie 391, 2018 Acrylic paint on canvas
100 x 100 cm
Galeria Nara Roesler
Progression, Ambivalence & Post Image by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork Julio Le ParcProgression, Ambivalence & Post Image, 1959 Oil paint on canvas
49 x 212 cm
Galeria Nara Roesler
Alchimie 396 by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork Julio Le ParcAlchimie 396, 2018 Acrylic paint on canvas
Galeria Nara Roesler
Alchimie 407 by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork Julio Le ParcAlchimie 407, 2018 Acrylic on canvas
100 x 100 cm
Perrotin
Alchimie 385 by Julio Le Parc contemporary artwork Julio Le ParcAlchimie 385, 2017 Acrylic on canvas
100 x 100 cm
Perrotin

Recent Exhibitions

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Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, Reflections on Space and Time at Galeria Nara Roesler, São Paulo
Closed
1 April–11 May 2019 Group Exhibition Reflections on Space and Time Galeria Nara Roesler, São Paulo
Contemporary art exhibition, Julio Le Parc, Light - Mirror at Perrotin, Hong Kong
Closed
25 March–3 May 2019 Julio Le Parc Light - Mirror Perrotin, Hong Kong
Contemporary art exhibition, Julio Le Parc, obras recentes at Galeria Nara Roesler, Rio de Janeiro
Closed
25 September–14 November 2018 Julio Le Parc obras recentes Galeria Nara Roesler, Rio de Janeiro

Represented By

In Ocula Magazine

Julio Le Parc: nostalgia for optimism Ocula Report Julio Le Parc: nostalgia for optimism 7 Mar 2017 : Anna Kats for Ocula

Julio Le Parc: Form into Action, the first stateside museum retrospective of Argentine artist Le Parc's oeuvre, opened 18 November 2016 against an increasingly reactionary political backdrop. The show's run, through 19 March 2017 at the Pérez Art Museum Miami (PAMM), has thus far corresponded with the rise to power of a conservative agenda, more...

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In Related Press

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ProyectosLA, Fair-Exhibition Hybrid Timed to Pacific Standard Time: LA/LA, Reveals Artists, Title Related Press ProyectosLA, Fair-Exhibition Hybrid Timed to Pacific Standard Time: LA/LA, Reveals Artists, Title ARTnews : 10 August 2017

Luiza Teixeira de Freitas and Claudia Segura, the curators behind proyectosLA, an upcoming fair-exhibition hybrid that will coincide with the Getty Foundation's Pacific Standard Time: LA/LA initiative, have announced the names of the 62 participating artists, including Marta Minujín, Julio Le Parc, Amalia Ulman, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Carmen Argote, and...

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Politics and commerce collide at Art Basel Miami Beach Related Press Politics and commerce collide at Art Basel Miami Beach The New York Times : 6 December 2016

Even the small talk was more solemn at this year’s edition of Art Basel Miami Beach. On opening day of what is America’s largest fair of contemporary art and Champagne-steeped hedonism, the air kisses were shadowed by the challenges the presidency of Donald J. Trump might pose to an art world that likes to imagine itself as a force for...

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‘Julio Le Parc: Form into Action’, Pérez Art Museum, Miami — review Related Press ‘Julio Le Parc: Form into Action’, Pérez Art Museum, Miami — review Financial Times : 2 December 2016

Le Parc believed—and still believes—that the distance between art and audience needs to be dispensed with. His interest is not in the authenticity of the object but of the value of the encounter. The bits of mirror and mechanisms here are almost all new, replaced as the older versions of the works lost their sheen and reflectivity.

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Julio Le Parc and Art That Won’t Stand Still Related Press Julio Le Parc and Art That Won’t Stand Still The New York Times : 16 November 2016

PARIS—The suburban Paris home studio of the Argentine artist Julio Le Parc, widely considered a pioneer of Op Art and Kinetic Art, is a circus of hands-on—sometimes anarchic—delights. In one of a series of rooms surrounding an overgrown courtyard, the artist’s motorised 'contorsions' come to life when a switch is flipped, and their rotating arms...

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In Related Video

Julio Le Parc 'Bifurcations' Related Video & Audio Julio Le Parc 'Bifurcations' Perrotin : 30 November 2017

Julio Le Parc BifurcationsOctober 14–December 23, 2017Perrotin ParisFilm by Nikolaï Saoulski © 2017

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TALK JULIO LE PARC & JEAN DE LOISY Related Video & Audio TALK JULIO LE PARC & JEAN DE LOISY Perrotin : 29 November 2017

Talk between Julio Le Parc & Jean de Loisy on the occasion of Julio le Parc's exhibition BIFURCATIONS at Perrotin ParisTuesday November 14, 2017

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