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Pierre Huyghe: The Artist as Director Ocula Conversation Pierre Huyghe: The Artist as Director

Pierre Huyghe is a producer of spectacular and memorable enigmas, with works that function more like mirages than as objects. Abyssal Plain (2015–ongoing), his contribution to the 2015 Istanbul Biennial, curated by Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev, was installed on the seabed of the Marmara Sea, some 20 metres below the surface of the water and close to...

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MoMA Expansion: Once the Modern, Always the Modern Ocula Report MoMA Expansion: Once the Modern, Always the Modern 29 Nov 2019 : Mohammad Salemy for Ocula

In the early decades of its existence, New York's Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), founded in 1929, transformed from a philanthropic project modestly housed in a few rooms of the Heckscher Building on the corner of Fifth Avenue and 57th Street, to an alleged operating node in the United States' cultural struggle during the cold war, and one of the...

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Hans Hartung and Art Informel: Exhibition Walkthrough Ocula Insight | Video
Sponsored Content | Mazzoleni Gallery
Hans Hartung and Art Informel: Exhibition Walkthrough 15 October 2019

Hans Hartung and Art Informel at Mazzoleni London (1 October 2019-18 January 2020) presents key works by the French-German painter while highlighting his connection with artists active in Paris during the 50s and 60s. In this video, writer and historian Alan Montgomery discusses Hartung's practice and its legacy.Born in Leipzig in 1904, Hans...

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Joseph Kosuth

b. 1945, USA

Often described as the father of conceptual art, Joseph Kosuth engages with art as an idea and explores the relationship between objects and the words that attempt to define them. In his seminal essay ‘Art After Philosophy’ (1969), Kosuth calls for artists to use their practices to question what art means and what it means to make art. In his own practice, Kosuth does so by engaging directly with pure distillations of concepts, prioritising critical discourse over aesthetics. In this way, Kosuth questions the methods with which one may present concepts in language, and the role of language and meaning in art. 

Kosuth began his practice as a painter before turning away from traditional styles and structures of creation. He came to consider such media to be inherently taking for granted the notion of ‘art’ as a stable concept, thus unable to act in revolutionary ways. Later in his life, he would say that just as one may go to an art store and buy tubes of readymade paint, so too may he mine materials from the history of philosophical thought and create his art with them: ‘A shift from “how” to “why”’.  

Joseph Kosuth’s One and Three Chairs (1965)—made when he was only 20 years old—is perhaps one of his most well-known works. It was part of his ‘One and Three’ series, in which he would present installations of three items: an object, a photograph of the object, and an image of the dictionary passage that defines the word for that object. In One and Three Chairs, a chair is presented alongside a 1:1 scale photograph of the same chair and the definition of the word ‘chair’. 

One and Three Chairs illustrates three ways of being a chair, each equally valid to the other. In doing so, it questions how we come to understand the object, the object’s containment in the word, and the word’s containment in the object. In works such as this, the objects themselves are not special; Kosuth prioritises conceptual skill over physical skill and does not attempt to elevate the craft of any one element.

Another strain of Kosuth’s practice exists within a structure of ‘curatorial installations’. In this method, Kosuth brings together other artists’ works to make his own. A well-known example of this is his 1967 exhibition, Fifteen People Submit Their Favorite Book, at Lannis Gallery, with contributions from artists such as Sol LeWitt, Robert Smithson and Ad Reinhardt

In Kosuth’s series ‘First Investigations’, displayed works are accompanied by certificates for sale that state the work may be made and remade for various exhibitions. This action attempts to locate the art in its idea rather than its physical manifestation. ‘First Investigations’ distilled the actions of the ‘One and Three’ series to focus on the containment of meaning in words. For the series, Kosuth would present the dictionary definition of a word (for example, water) on the gallery wall. In doing so, he removed the art object entirely in favour of words and the essential provocation. 

Kosuth initially took his inspiration from thinkers such as Ludwig Wittgenstein and Sigmund Freud. He was interested in how Freud changed humanity’s ideas of personal and social identity within Western paradigms, and in Wittgenstein’s analyses of language. In 1993, Kosuth received not only the Menzione d'Onore at the Venice Biennale, but also the Chevalier de l'ordre des Arts et des Lettres from the French government. He first taught in 1967 at the School of Visual Arts, New York, and has since acted as visiting professor for several institutions including the Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Stuttgart, Yale University, Pratt Institute in New York, and Oxford University.

Biography by Casey Carsel | Ocula | 2017
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Featured Artworks

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# II 49 (On Color/Multi #1) by Joseph Kosuth contemporary artwork
Joseph Kosuth# II 49 (On Color/Multi #1), 1991 Neon, transformer and certificate of authenticity
17.1 x 389.9 cm
Sean Kelly
'Mondrian's Work XII' by Joseph Kosuth contemporary artwork
Joseph Kosuth'Mondrian's Work XII', 2016 Silkscreen on glass, white neon mounted directly on the wall
180 x 180 cm
Sean Kelly
'1,2,3,4' by Joseph Kosuth contemporary artwork
Joseph Kosuth'1,2,3,4', 1993 neon, transformers, certificate of authenticity
141.75 x 103.75 inches
Sean Kelly
'Titled (Art as Idea as Idea)' [Nothing] Los Angeles, 1968 by Joseph Kosuth contemporary artwork
Joseph Kosuth'Titled (Art as Idea as Idea)' [Nothing] Los Angeles, 1968, 1968 Installation view at Sean Kelly, New York in 2011, 10 mounted photographs, each: 121.9 x 121.9 cm
Sprüth Magers
Self-defined object by Joseph Kosuth contemporary artwork
Joseph KosuthSelf-defined object, 1966 Yellow neon mounted directly on the wall
11 x 173 cm
Sprüth Magers
Fetishism Corrected #2 by Joseph Kosuth contemporary artwork
Joseph KosuthFetishism Corrected #2, 1988 Cobalt blue neon, mounted directly on the wall, framed photograph
270 x 180 cm
Sprüth Magers
du phénomène de la bibliothèque [Roland Barthes] by Joseph Kosuth contemporary artwork
Joseph Kosuthdu phénomène de la bibliothèque [Roland Barthes], 2006 Verre sérigraphié, néons
250 x 122.73 cm
Almine Rech
Titled [Art as Idea (as Idea)] [Square] by Joseph Kosuth contemporary artwork
Joseph KosuthTitled [Art as Idea (as Idea)] [Square], 1968 Photographic enlargement of dictionary definition
122 x 122 cm
Sprüth Magers

Recent Exhibitions

Contemporary art exhibition, Joseph Kosuth, Amnesia: Various, Luminous, Fixed at Sprüth Magers, London
Closed
26 November 2014–14 February 2015 Joseph Kosuth Amnesia: Various, Luminous, Fixed Sprüth Magers, London
Contemporary art exhibition, Joseph Kosuth, Insomnia: Assorted, Illuminated, Fixed at Sprüth Magers, Berlin
Closed
27 April–22 June 2013 Joseph Kosuth Insomnia: Assorted, Illuminated, Fixed Sprüth Magers, Berlin

Represented By

In Related Press

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From a Dot, Joseph Kosuth Finds Infinite Possibilities Related Press From a Dot, Joseph Kosuth Finds Infinite Possibilities Hyperallergic : 3 July 2019

Organized by seminal conceptual artist Joseph Kosuth, 'Dot, Point, Period,' a Curated Installation by Joseph Kosuth covers every square foot of wall at the Castelli Gallery's 40th Street space. A selection of artworks by over 40 artists are dispersed within a continuous string of short texts. This string of text, in a three-inch typeface, follows...

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Questionnaire: Joseph Kosuth Related Press Questionnaire: Joseph Kosuth Frieze : 18 May 2017

What images keep you company in the space where you work?Quite a few: my portrait by Andy Warhol, a painting by Ad Reinhardt from 1960, a small painting by D.H. Lawrence, a late drawing by Giorgio Morandi, a 2004 autobiographical box/shelf work by Haim Steinbach; a group of small works, photos and drawings, by Man Ray, Rene Magritte, Marcel...

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Small but perfectly formed, Art Brussels is packing a big punch Related Press Small but perfectly formed, Art Brussels is packing a big punch Wallpaper* : 24 April 2017

There’s nary an Anish Kapoor to be found at the 35th edition of Art Brussels. It’s an unusual observation for such an established fixture on the art fair calendar – but Art Brussels has proven itself to be no ordinary fair. With only a handful of blue-chip galleries present, Art Brussels has carved out a role as one of Europe’s leading discovery...

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Preview: Art Brussels Related Press Preview: Art Brussels Elephant : 19 April 2017

'Art Brussels believes in galleries that support their artists throughout their evolution... We are definitely not interested in showing work in a supermarket-like style.' We speak with Anne Vierstraete, Managing Director of Art Brussels, as the fair nears its thirty-fifth edition.

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