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b. 1946, China

Wang Gongyi Biography

Wang Gongyi (王公懿) is a Chinese artist known for her contemporary adaptations of traditional Chinese calligraphy and painting techniques through an ever-expanding practice that encompasses woodblock printing, lithography, installation, and painting.

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After studying at the Affiliated High School of the Central Academy of Fine Art, Beijing, in the early 1970s, Wang was assigned to work first on rural farms then at a publishing house in her hometown of Tianjin. She enrolled in Hangzhou's Zhejiang Academy of Fine Arts (now China Academy of Art) in 1978 and graduated with an MFA in Printmaking two years later. Wang gained recognition in the early 1980s for winning first prize in the second National Youth Fine Art Exhibition, for which she submitted a series of seven black-and-white woodblock prints commemorating the 19th-century Chinese feminist revolutionary Qiu Jin.

In 1986, Wang became one of the four Chinese artists to study in France as part of a cultural exchange programme. There, she realised her lack of familiarity with traditional Chinese culture that had been neglected in schools during the decades following the Chinese Revolution of 1949. Wang's newly found interest in her cultural background led her to experiment with a wider range of media, incorporating Chinese calligraphy and ink painting techniques into her work. For the installation Listen, Look, Taste, Smell, But Do Not Ask (1993), for instance, the artist used ink to write Chinese words and phrases such as 'why?', 'because', 'but', 'also', and 'do you understand?' on a large sheet of Xuan paper, overlapping the calligraphic characters until they merge into an incomprehensible cloud of black.

Around the same time, Wang's paintings also grew increasingly abstracted and intuitive as a result of the language and cultural barriers she faced in France. Instead of trying to understand her environment with logic, she sought to experience it through her instincts. In 1998, Wang adopted the Buddhist symbol of the conch shell—signifying introspection—and painted it once a day for 140 days. When considered together, the 140 ink paintings of the conch shell in the 'Seashell Diary' series highlight the significance of random chance in Wang's oeuvre.

Continuing to expand her practice, Wang began working with Winsor Blue in 2005 to make watercolour paintings. She favours using Xuan paper which, in a traditional Chinese painting style, requires a careful application of watercolour pigments to prevent them from congealing at the edges. Subverting the convention, however, Wang allows paint to dry unevenly to create a sense of depth and direction in her work. In Melisma (2018), for example, is that the blue gradates from dark to light as it rises to the top, resulting in lyrical yet serene depictions of waves or mountains.

In her watercolour landscapes, Wang traverses figuration and abstraction to capture the sentiments of warmth, nostalgia, and affection embedded in the memories of certain sites. Memories of West Lake, a 2017 solo exhibition at Galerie du Mondu in Hong Kong, presented a series of 11 landscape paintings inspired by the famous West Lake in Hangzhou. Wang lived in proximity to the lake while studying at Zhejiang Academy of Fine Arts and became mesmerised by its springtime softness that contrasted with the sandstorms of her hometown during the same period. Her fascination with the beauty of West Lake is captured in Peach Blossoms (2016), an 18-panel painting for which she layered ink wash to produce gentle, radiating clouds of pink and white that denote flowers in bloom, while the vitality of spring is conveyed through powerful strokes and rhythmic waves that form the lotus flowers in Lotus (2016).

Wang has held solo exhibitions internationally, notably Wang Gongyi: Winsor Blue, Chambers Fine Art, New York (2018); Wang Gongyi's Prints at PNCA, Portland Art Museum, Oregon (2018); To See a World in a Flower, Yuting Art Gallery, Hangzhou (2017); and Wang Gongyi Artworks, Zhejiang Art Museum, Hangzhou (2013).

Wang lives and works in Portland, Oregon.

Sherry Paik | Ocula | 2018

Exhibition view: 3E14, Galerie Du Monde, Hong Kong (5 March–18 April 2020). Courtesy Galerie Du Monde. 

Wang Gongyi Featured Artworks

View All (74)
Untitled No. 2 無題之二 by Wang Gongyi contemporary artwork
Wang GongyiUntitled No. 2 無題之二, 1993Lithograph
50.5 x 66 cm
Galerie du Monde Enquire about this work
Untitled No. 1 無題之一 by Wang Gongyi contemporary artwork
Wang GongyiUntitled No. 1 無題之一, 1993Lithograph
50.5 x 66 cm
Galerie du Monde Enquire about this work
Swimming 游泳 by Wang Gongyi contemporary artwork
Wang GongyiSwimming 游泳, 2000Etching
50.5 x 70.5 cm
Galerie du Monde Enquire about this work
The Stream in Spring by Wang Gongyi contemporary artwork
Wang GongyiThe Stream in Spring, 2005Watercolour on Chan-Yi Xuan paper
87 x 67 cm
Chambers Fine Art Enquire about this work
Above the Sky by Wang Gongyi contemporary artwork
Wang GongyiAbove the Sky, 2006Watercolour on Chan-Yi Xuan paper
66 x 66 cm
Chambers Fine Art Enquire about this work
Ulysses 尤利西斯 by Wang Gongyi contemporary artwork
Wang GongyiUlysses 尤利西斯, 2015Watercolour on untreated Xuan paper
144 x 367 cm
Chambers Fine Art Enquire about this work
Mantra by Wang Gongyi contemporary artwork
Wang GongyiMantra, 2012Watercolour on Chan-Yi Xuan paper
132 x 65 cm
Chambers Fine Art Enquire about this work
China China by Wang Gongyi contemporary artwork
Wang GongyiChina China, 2001–2002Ink on single waterprint and transparent paper, set of 17
Chambers Fine Art Enquire about this work

Wang Gongyi Current & Recent Exhibitions

View All (4)
Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, 3E14 at Galerie du Monde, Hong Kong
Closing Soon
5 March–31 May 2020 Group Exhibition 3E14 Galerie du Monde, Hong Kong
Contemporary art exhibition, Wang Gongyi, Leaves of Grass 草葉集 at Galerie du Monde, Hong Kong
Closed
25 October–31 December 2019 Wang Gongyi Leaves of Grass 草葉集 Galerie du Monde, Hong Kong
Contemporary art exhibition, Wang Gongyi, Winsor Blue at Chambers Fine Art, New York
Closed
17 November 2018–19 January 2019 Wang Gongyi Winsor Blue Chambers Fine Art, New York

Wang Gongyi Represented By

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