b. 1966, Germany

Tobias Rehberger Biography

Leading German artist Tobias Rehberger challenges conventional notions of art with his confounding objects and environments. 'The bottom line, to put it very basically', he says, 'is ... what is art anyway?'

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This question reinforces his diverse artistic style and exploratory practices, which interrogate the ways in which art is created, presented, and interpreted. Rehberger was awarded the Golden Lion Award for best artist at the 53rd Venice Biennale in 2009.

Early Life

Rehberger was born in Esslingen, Germany. He studied at the Städelschule in Frankfurt from 1987 to 1992 under Martin Kippenberger, who had a great influence on Rehberger's inquisitive and conceptual approach to artmaking. 'What he, in the end, taught me was that the centre of production of art is the doubt of art', Rehberger explains.

Tobias Rehberger Artworks

Spanning immersive rooms, towering sculptures, site-specific installations, and paintings, Rehberger's works mine the disciplinary fields of architecture, design, and art. Rather than focusing on a specific mode of artistic production, Rehberger emphasises the understanding viewers have of the art object in relation to its surroundings.

Using LED lights, glass globes, pixelated tableaux, or watercolour in his works, Rehberger brings mundane objects into new contexts to tackle concepts of transformation, perception, and awareness. Rehberger's work crosses dichotomous boundaries to undermine structures and definitions of what art really is.

Dazzle Camouflage

Dazzle designs are a recurring theme in Rehberger's work. The concept of 'dazzle camouflage' was a tactic used during the First World War to make it difficult for soldiers to pinpoint a target. The theory of 'dazzle painting' was first introduced in 1914 by the scientist John Graham Kerr, who found that this disruptive technique did not make the ships blend into their surroundings like traditional camouflage, but distorted them in such a way that it made it difficult to track the course they were travelling on.

Rehberger uses this distinct visual technique in immersive settings and site-specific installations. The contrasting curves and lines break up the shape and outline of the objects, creating an optical distortion. In 2014, Rehberger covered the 1918 HMS President, one of the last three surviving warships of its kind, with a 'dazzle camouflage' print.

Rehberger brings this contemporary visual experience to different environments as well, such as cafés and bars. He uses a black-and-white colour palette, sometimes interspersed with bursts of colour, and a repeated geometric pattern to cover these everyday spaces with the striking all-over effect and to play tricks on the eye. The viewer is forced to question the ways in which they interact with, and experience, their world.

These environments, often reminiscent of 1960s and 70s design, do not need to be confined to the museum or gallery space, giving them a type of accessibility that also challenges the status of the art object in an age of commoditisation.


Rehberger's 'Vase Portraits' or 'Porträtgefäße' are part of an ongoing series that explores the boundaries between the utilitarian and the decorative.

For his first round of 'portraits', Rehberger created vases from materials such as glass, ceramic, and 3D-printed aluminium, and requested friends and other artists to pick out flowers for the vases without having seen them first. Each vase and floral arrangement represented the aesthetic and personal preferences of these individuals, becoming a 'portrait' of each person.

This tongue-in-cheek approach to the traditional still life painting allows Rehberger to transform a utilitarian object into a non-functional artwork, investigating the idea of the art object within a new context.

Other sculptures explore Rehberger's interest in both the aesthetic and functional qualities of art. As part of his ongoing 'Infection' project, he utilises practical materials such as Velcro and cable to create dynamic sculptures that move fluidly between industrial objects and sculpture.


Rehberger's solo exhibitions include Truths that would be maddening without love, Gallery Baton, Seoul (2020), If you don't use your eyes to see, you will use them to cry, Rockbund Art Museum, Shanghai (2019), and Yourself is sometimes a place to call your own, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Busan (2018).

His work has been exhibited internationally in solo exhibitions at institutions such as the Whitechapel Gallery in London, the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, and the Palais de Tokyo in Paris. The artist's works are included in the collections of the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C., Museum Ludwig in Cologne, the Serralves Foundation in Porto, among others.

Gabrielle Leung | Ocula | 2021

Tobias Rehberger Featured Artworks

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Real Truth & Love by Tobias Rehberger contemporary artwork works on paper, sculpture
Tobias Rehberger Real Truth & Love, 2020 Neon tube, urethane paint on metal, electronic control system
Gallery Baton Contact Gallery
Something else is possible in Fäviken by Tobias Rehberger contemporary artwork installation
Tobias Rehberger Something else is possible in Fäviken, 2020 Acrylic latex velvet paint on MDF, plywood, PVC Cal
210 x 90 x 4.5 cm
Gallery Baton Contact Gallery
Wang Xingwei by Tobias Rehberger contemporary artwork mixed media
Tobias Rehberger Wang Xingwei, 2019 3D milled aluminium, pink China roses
44.3 x 33.3 x 33.3 cm
Galerie Urs Meile Enquire
Give me until tomorrow (STPI ONE FIVE) by Tobias Rehberger contemporary artwork print
Tobias Rehberger Give me until tomorrow (STPI ONE FIVE), 2018 Screenprint and UV print on STPI handmade paper
30 x 30 cm
STPI - Creative Workshop & Gallery Contact Gallery
Infection 6A5 by Tobias Rehberger contemporary artwork sculpture
Tobias Rehberger Infection 6A5, 2019 Velcro, wire, cable, socket, light bulb
90 x 70 x 75 cm
Galerie Urs Meile Enquire
Infection 1B0 by Tobias Rehberger contemporary artwork installation
Tobias Rehberger Infection 1B0, 2019 Velcro, wire, cable, socket, light bulb
80 x 75 x 83 cm
Galerie Urs Meile Enquire
infection 1L5 by Tobias Rehberger contemporary artwork installation
Tobias Rehberger infection 1L5, 2008 Velcro, cable, lightbulb
85 x 120 x 90 cm
Not for sale
Para Site
free speech by Tobias Rehberger contemporary artwork mixed media
Tobias Rehberger free speech, 2016 Screen print on coloured pressed paper pulp
76.5 x 102.5 cm
STPI - Creative Workshop & Gallery Contact Gallery

Tobias Rehberger Recent Exhibitions

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Tobias Rehberger Represented By

Galerie Urs Meile contemporary art gallery in Beijing, China Galerie Urs Meile Beijing, Lucerne

Tobias Rehberger In Ocula Magazine

Tobias Rehberger In Related Press

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