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Beatriz González at KW Institute for Contemporary Art: In Focus Ocula Report Beatriz González at KW Institute for Contemporary Art: In Focus 14 Dec 2018 : Pia Chakraverti-Wuerthwein for Ocula

Retrospective 1965–2017, Beatriz González's exhibition at KW Institute for Contemporary Art in Berlin (13 October 2018–6 January 2019), presents a selection of 120 works that bear witness to Colombia's political and social upheavals of the last 50 years. Throughout, the link between González's practice and the sociopolitical context it references...

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Ingrid Schaffner Ocula Conversation Ingrid Schaffner Curator, 57th Carnegie International

Founded by industrialist Andrew Carnegie as part of the Carnegie Institute in 1895, Carnegie Museum sought to 'bring the world' to the city with a grand building housing a natural history museum, a library, and an art museum operating as a fluid space for knowledge exchange. In its 123-year history, the institution has built up a world-class...

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Extra States: Nations in Liquidation at Kunsthal Extra City Ocula Report Extra States: Nations in Liquidation at Kunsthal Extra City 8 Dec 2018 : Stephanie Bailey for Ocula

The nation-state—a nation (a people) presided over by a governing body with jurisdiction over a defined territory (the state)—is either going through a renaissance or demise, depending on one's perspective. There has been talk about the nation-state's end for years—from a 2013 United States National Intelligence Council report...

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John Baldessari

b. 1931, USA

John Baldessari is an artist's artist. He is celebrated as one of the most influential living artists today, both as a pioneer in conceptual art and as a teacher for more than three decades. In addition to his language-based paintings and performances of the late 1960s and 1970s, now considered milestones in conceptual art, Baldessari is also known for his use of colourful dot-shaped adhesives to conceal faces in photographs. As an artist who has often expanded his repertoire through painting, printmaking, sculpture, photomontage, video, film and books, Baldessari's work is characterised by humour, wit and an air of insouciance towards tradition.

Baldessari began his career as a painter, working with oils in the abstract expressionist manner that was dominant in America at the time. Many of his early paintings, however, have not survived, because in 1970 he burned the artworks made between 1953 and 1966 in a crematorium. Baldessari conceived the incineration as an artwork in itself, documenting and titling it Cremation Project. After the burning, the artist commemorated the destroyed paintings by having their birth and death dates inscribed on bronze plaques, and baking cookies with their ashes. Cremation Project signalled both his break with abstract expressionism and his increasing experimentation with conceptual art.

Throughout his career, Baldessari has questioned the role of the artist and the meaning of authorship by diminishing authorship and challenging traditional boundaries in art-making. In the late 1960s, he occasionally hired professional sign painters to paint for him, notably Pure Beauty (1966–8), a simple white canvas with its title written across it in black capital letters. Such sign paintings not only emphasise the importance of concept over the artist's touch, but also disconcert the definition of a painting as composed of images by creating paintings composed of signs. In another iconic work, I Will Not Make Any More Boring Art (1971), Baldessari asked students at the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design in Halifax, Canada, to write the sentence 'I will not make any more boring art' on the gallery walls of his exhibition. The well-known performance emerged from his lack of finances to travel to Nova Scotia, where the artist had been asked to exhibit. Baldessari, who had been deeply dissatisfied with the limitations of traditional painting, conceived to cover the space that conventionally hangs paintings with sentences in a repeated manner that resembles a punishment. At the same time, however, the artist intended the punishment-performance to be instructive for young students, encouraging them to rebel against tradition.

In the 1980s, Baldessari began using stills from B movies or noir films to create fragmented and ambiguous narratives. For example, the collage Kiss/Panic (1984) consists of ten images of hands holding guns that frame an extreme close-up of a kiss and a scene with a gathering. The guns point away from the central images as if to protect or threaten moments of intimacy by holding them hostage. During this period, Baldessari also began to block out faces, bodies and other parts of photographs with paint, later utilising his famous dots to cover faces as a way of withholding important visual information from the viewer. Confronted with the concealed spaces, the spectator becomes an active participant, using their imagination to complete the missing parts.

Text and image remain central to Baldessari's practice, in which unrelated components are paired to stimulate the viewer's participation in the construction of meaning. OFFICE BUILDING—DAY MAYO Is there a Courbet for sale here? (2017), for instance, depicts the emoji of a green gecko, multiplied in size and printed on canvas, above the question in its title. By juxtaposing elements with no apparent relationship, Baldessari encourages the viewer to search for possible links between them—making associations and speculations, actively constructing meaning in the process. His 'Movie Scripts / Art' series (2014), which pairs excerpts from film scripts with details of art historical images, achieve a similar effect.

Baldessari studied art and literature at San Diego State University, where he received his MA in art history in 1957, and completed further post-graduate work at Otis Art Institute, Chouinard Art Institute and the University of California, Berkeley. Since first teaching art in his native National City in 1959, he taught for more than three decades at junior colleges, community colleges and universities. Between 1970 and 1988 he held his celebrated Post-Studio Art classes at CalArts, which encouraged young artists to experiment outside traditional painting and sculpture. Among his first students were Barbara Bloom, Troy Brauntuch, Matt Mullican, David Salle and James Welling, who are now some of the most prominent artists of their generation. Baldessari returned to teaching in 1996 at the University of California, Los Angeles and continued to teach until 2007, further contributing to contemporary art by influencing a younger generation of artists.

Baldessari's work has been exhibited extensively in the US and Europe; the artist's biography on his website reveals that he has held more than 200 solo exhibitions and over 1000 group exhibitions. Recent solo exhibitions include Learning to Read with John Baldessari at Museo Jumex, Mexico City (2017); John Baldessari, the inaugural show of Sprüth Magers in Los Angeles (2016); and John Baldessari: Pure Beauty (2009), a major retrospective organised by Tate Modern that travelled to Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona, Los Angeles County Museum of Art and New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art in 2010. In 2009 Baldessari was awarded the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement at the 53rd Venice Biennale. The artist lives and works in California.

Sherry Paik | Ocula | 2018
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Featured Artworks

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Miró and Life in General: Incumbent by John Baldessari contemporary artwork John BaldessariMiró and Life in General: Incumbent, 2016 Varnished inkjet print on canvas with acrylic paint
243.5 x 128.3 x 3.8 cm
Marian Goodman Gallery
Penguin by John Baldessari contemporary artwork John BaldessariPenguin, 2018 Polyurethane, stainless steel, acrylic, epoxy resin, and paint
79 x 29 x 32 inches
Beyer Projects
Giacometti with Barrel by John Baldessari contemporary artwork John BaldessariGiacometti with Barrel, 2018 Bronze, resin, stainless steel, and mixed media
186 x 26 x 25 inches
Beyer Projects
Storyboard (In 4 Parts): Man Carrying Ladder by John Baldessari contemporary artwork John BaldessariStoryboard (In 4 Parts): Man Carrying Ladder, 2013 Varnished inkjet print on canvas with acrylic and oil paint
191.77 x 196.85 cm
Marian Goodman Gallery
Movie Scripts / Art: Come on sugar by John Baldessari contemporary artwork John BaldessariMovie Scripts / Art: Come on sugar, 2014 Diptych, varnished inkjet print on canvas with acrylic paint
273.7 x 144.2 cm
Marian Goodman Gallery
Sediment (Part Two): Arm and Pillow by John Baldessari contemporary artwork John BaldessariSediment (Part Two): Arm and Pillow, 2010 Varnished archival print on canvas with oil and acrylic paint
177.8 x 137.16 cm
Marian Goodman Gallery
Beethoven's Trumpet (with Ear) Opus # 127, 130, 131, 132, 133, 135 by John Baldessari contemporary artwork John BaldessariBeethoven's Trumpet (with Ear) Opus # 127, 130, 131, 132, 133, 135, 2007 Resin, fibreglass, bronze, aluminium, and electronics
73 x 72 x 105 inches
Beyer Projects
Brain/Cloud (Two Views): with Palm Tree and Seascape by John Baldessari contemporary artwork John BaldessariBrain/Cloud (Two Views): with Palm Tree and Seascape, 2009 Foam, paint, resin, aluminium, video camera, projector, inkjet prints on vinyl
111.5 x 159.5 x 54 inches
Beyer Projects

Current & Recent Exhibitions

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Contemporary art exhibition, John Baldessari, Brain/Cloud (Two Views) at Marian Goodman Gallery, London
Open Now
8 November 2018–12 January 2019 John Baldessari Brain/Cloud (Two Views) Marian Goodman Gallery, London
Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, Towards Infinity: 1965-1980 at Simon Lee Gallery, London
4 July–7 September 2018 Group Exhibition Towards Infinity: 1965-1980 Simon Lee Gallery, London
Contemporary art exhibition, Group Exhibition, Portable Art. A Project by Celia Forner at Hauser & Wirth, Los Angeles
23 June–12 August 2018 Group Exhibition Portable Art. A Project by Celia Forner Hauser & Wirth, Los Angeles

Represented By

In Ocula Magazine

Bob Rennie Ocula Conversation Bob Rennie Collector

In Vancouver's Chinatown, an area wedged between the gleaming office towers of the city's affluent West End and the city’s poorest neighbourhood, Downtown Eastside, is a gallery showcasing work from one of the world’s leading private collections.Housed in a restored iteration of Chinatown’s oldest building, the...

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In Related Press

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Frieze Sculpture 2018: the highlights Related Press Frieze Sculpture 2018: the highlights Wallpaper* : 4 July 2018

Between Wimbledon and the FIFA World Cup, there's been plenty of distractions from London's unusually Mediterranean weather of late.

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John Baldessari on his giant emoji paintings: 'I just wondered what they'd look like large' Related Press John Baldessari on his giant emoji paintings: 'I just wondered what they'd look like large' The Guardian : 27 November 2017

The neighbourhood surrounding John Baldessari's studio in Venice is as eclectic as it is incongruous. Sleek, modernist homes sit next to quaint bungalows, while an old hippy with a surfboard tucked under one arm bikes past a Sotheby's real estate sign hanging in front of a million-dollar home. With his laid-back demeanour, lanky 6ft 7in frame,...

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Top speed: John Baldessari creates his fastest ever artwork for BMW Related Press Top speed: John Baldessari creates his fastest ever artwork for BMW Wallpaper* : 12 December 2016

During this year's Art Basel Miami Beach, BMW unveiled the latest instalment of its Art Car collection, this time created in collaboration with American artist John Baldessari. It’s the 19th in a series of vehicles (or ‘rolling sculptures’) created by visual artists: since 1975, the German car marque has worked with Andy...

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The beasts within: Artists tap into their wild sides for a roaring show Related Press The beasts within: Artists tap into their wild sides for a roaring show Wallpaper* : 26 November 2016

Rarely before have we seen such a long and varied list of contributors, as we do in Marian Goodman Gallery's group show Animality. The 'cast of creatures' ranges from dogs, camels, fish to octopi, and charts a history from George Orwell to Gabriel Orozco by way of Marcel Broodthaers. Curator Jens Hoffmann, never one to turn down a...

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